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Everything you need to know about Hartalika Teej Vrat Katha and Pujan Vidhi

hartalika teej vrat

India, which is Bharat, is famous for diversity which is not only reflected in culture and traditions but how different festivals have been celebrated in different parts of the country also gives a clear picture of unity in diversity. Hartalika Teej vrat is a famous vrat festival that is observed by women and girls in almost every part of India.

Haritalika Teej vrat is one fasting festivity that is celebrated in almost every part of India be it north, south, east, or west. In northern parts such as Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh, it is celebrated as Teeja. In West Bengal and Sikkim, as Hartalika teej. It is known as Hartalika Tritiya Vrat in Maharashtra and Kevda Teej in Gujrat. In the southern part such as Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka, it is popular as Gowri Habba. Other than India, the women of Nepal also keep this fast.

Significance of Hartalika Teej

hartalika teej 2022

Teej means the third day in the Hindu lunar calendar. So there are different Teej celebrated across India such as Kajri Teej, Hariyali Teej, and Hartalika Teej which fall in the Shravan and Bhadrapada months of the Hindu calendar. Haritalika teej is observed on Tritiya or third day of Shukla paksha or wanning phase of moon in Bhadrapad mass. This festival comes in August or September month.

This vrat gets its mention in the Bhavisyottar Puran. Mata Parvati kept this vrat for getting Lord Shiva as her Husband. Haritalika Teej vrat is one of the most pious and popular fasts among women and unmarried girls. By the way, its a very difficult fast because its a Nirjala upvas. Nirjala upvas means keeping fast without having water. Unmarried or married women of all age groups pray and keep nirjala upvas to seek the blessing of Goddess Parvati.

Hartalika Teej Puja Vidhi

hartalika teej puja vidhi

Hartalika Teej Vrat Pooja Timings

According to scriptures, “भाद्रस्य कजली कृष्णा शुक्ला च हरितालिका ||” Hartalika falls on third day(tritiya) of wanning moon of bhadrapad month while kajal falls on tritiya of waxing phase of moon.

The timing of puja depends on the muhurat, most people do the pooja in pradosh kalam which means in the evening but morning muhurats also be followed sometime.

Hartalika Teej Poojan Vidhi

Sankalp Mantra

On the day of tritiya tithi, the woman who is observing fast should take bath of amla and sesame. After the bath ritual, dressed in fine clothes she should take sankalpam after reciting this mantra:

मम् उमामहेश्वर सायुज्यसिद्धये हरितालिकाव्रतमहं करिष्ये |

Bhavishyottar puran

Pooja Vidhi and Mantra

After sankalpam, she should collect and arrange the puja samgri like sand or clay made Shiv Parvati idol, shringar samgari like bangles, sindoor, kumkum, mehndi, Alta, etc. Flowers, mishtan, and fruits as offerings.

hartalika teej vrat mantra

First of all, sit in Infront of idols and pray to Shri Ganesha for removing obstacles, then recite these mantra for Gauri and Shiva:

ॐ उमायै पार्वत्यै जगद् धात्रै जगत् प्रतिष्ठायै शन्तिरुपिन्यै शिवायै ब्रम्ह्ररूपिण्यै

ॐ हराय महेश्वराय शम्भवे शूलपाणि पिनाकध्रषे शिवाय पशुपतयै महादेवाय नमः

After sthapan and pujan, do the shodashopchar poojan vidhi followed by deep and dhoop. Reading Hartalika teej vrat katha followe by aarti is a major aspect of this pooja.

After that, recite this mantra and do the nirahar upvaas.

देवि देवि उमे गौरी त्राहि मां करुणानिधे | ममापराधाः क्षन्तव्या भुक्तिमुक्ति प्रदा भव ||

The second day after Parana and puja, break your fast. One can also give ahuti of ghee and sesame seeds. You can also give food items to the needy first and after that have your food.

Hartalika Teej Vrat Katha

hartalika teej vrat katha

Hartalika is made up of two Sanskrit words ‘Harit’ i.e. abduction and ‘Aalika’ means female friend or Sakhi. Female friends of Goddess Parvati helped her to escape to the forest to save her from marriage against her will. In that way, they helped Mata Parvati, so that she can perform severe austerity to seek Lord Shiva as her husband.

Vrat Katha

The Vrat Katha starts with the conversation between Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Once upon a time in a beautiful valley of Kailash parvat, Maa Parvati asked Lord Shiva what is the secret of getting knowledge in a very short span. What good deeds have I done to get you as my life partner?

Then Lord Shiva answers her better half by telling a story of her severe penance that led them to get married to each other. Maa Parvati was the daughter of the king of Himalaya. Since childhood, she was performing hard penance as she wanted Lord Shiva as her husband. Because she was so absorbed in her devotion, she became very feeble. By looking at her condition, King Himvan got worried about her and asked Narad muni for a solution. Narad muni told Himalaya to get her daughter married to Lord Vishnu. King was happy that my daughter would be very lucky to have Lord Vishnu as her husband, He agreed to the marriage

Knowing her father’s will, Goddess Parvati, got very sad and asked her friends for their help. Her friends after knowing her serious love for Lord Shiva agreed to save her from marriage against her will. Because Lord Shiva was ascetic, Mata Gauri has to perform severe austerity to get his attention. So her female friends took Mata Parvati to the thick forest. She started her austerity on the banks of river Ganga. After many years of serious penance, Lord Shiva gave her a boon to be her husband.

King Himvan thought that she got abducted. When he found out about her daughter’s intentions, He agreed to marry her to ascetic Lord Shiva. that’s how by doing penance for many years and by eating only leaves, her wishes got fulfilled.

To get the fulfillment of wishes, a woman should do Hartalika fast as Mata Gauri did for Lord Shiva. Just as a mother attained Lord Mahadev by doing such severe penance, similarly, by observing Hartalika for one day, one attains the same virtue as her. By just only hearing this Katha, one can get more virtues than by performing Ashwamedha yagna.

Iti shri Bhavishyotthar Purane Hargauri samvade Hartalika vrat katha sampurnaah||

Om Parvati pataye namah.

Adi Shankaracharya krit Sri Jagannath Ashtakam Lyrics and Significance

jagannath ashtakam lyrics

Sri Jagannath Ashtakam consists of eight verses in praise of Lord Jagannath. Before reading the Jagannath Ashtakam lyrics, let’s take a look at who composed Jagannath Ashtakam and what’s its significance

Adi Shankaracharya composed Shri Jagannath Ashtakam when he visited Jagannath temple in Puri. He dedicated these verses to the feet of Lord of the universe – Lord Jagannath. In these verses, he described Lord’s enchanting beauty, his pastimes, and virtues that he wants to hold in his eyes forever. He beautifully painted Rath Yatra’s description in the asktakam which mesmerizes whoever reads and listens to it. Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu recited these hymns on his visit to Puri.

Whoever reads and listens to these verses with utmost faith, Lord Jagannath blesses him. In fact, Reciting these verses with full devotion brings joy and detachment from material pleasures and One becomes pure-hearted. As a result, devotees can attain access to the Hariloka by reading these hymns with love and full devotion.

jagannath ashtakam lyrics

Sri Jagannath Ashtakam Lyrics in English


kadācit kālindī-taṭa-vipina-sańgītaka-ravo
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


bhuje savye veṇuḿ śirasi śikhi-puccham kaṭi-taṭe
dukūlaḿ netrānte sahacara-kaṭākṣaḿ vidadhate
sadā śrīmad-vṛndāvana-vasati-līlā-paricayo
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


mahāmbhodhes tīre kanaka-rucire nīla-śikhare
vasan prāsādāntaḥ sahaja-balabhadreṇa balinā
subhadrā-madhya-sthaḥ sakala-sura-sevāvasara-do
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


kṛpā-pārāvāraḥ sajala-jalada-śreṇi-ruciro
ramā-vāṇī-rāmaḥ sphurad-amala-pańkeruha-mukhaḥ
surendrair ārādhyaḥ śruti-gaṇa-śikhā-gīta-carito
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


rathārūḍho gacchan pathi milita-bhūdeva-paṭalaiḥ
stuti-prādurbhāvam prati-padam upākarṇya sadayaḥ
dayā-sindhur bandhuḥ sakala jagatāḿ sindhu-sutayā
jagannāthah svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


para-brahmāpīḍaḥ kuvalaya-dalotphulla-nayano
nivāsī nīlādrau nihita-caraṇo ‘nanta-śirasi
rasānando rādhā-sarasa-vapur-ālińgana-sukho
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


na vai yāce rājyaḿ na ca kanaka-māṇikya-vibhavaḿ
na yāce ‘haḿ ramyāḿ sakala jana-kāmyāḿ vara-vadhūm
sadā kāle kāle pramatha-patinā gīta-carito
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


hara tvaḿ saḿsāraḿ druta-taram asāraḿ sura-pate
hara tvaḿ pāpānāḿ vitatiḿ aparāḿ yādava-pate
aho dīne ‘nāthe nihita-caraṇo niścitam idaḿ
jagannāthaḥ svāmī nayana-patha-gāmī bhavatu me


Jagannāthāṣṭakaḿ punyaḿ yaḥ paṭhet prayataḥ śuciḥ
sarva-pāpa-viśuddhātmā viṣṇu-lokaḿ sa gacchati

sri jagannath ashtakam lyrics in hindi

Jaganaath Ashtakam lyrics in Hindi

॥१ ॥

कदाचित् कालिन्दी तट विपिन सङ्गीत तरलो

मुदाभीरी नारी वदन कमला स्वाद मधुपः

रमा शम्भु ब्रह्मामरपति गणेशार्चित पदो

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन पथ गामी भवतु मे ॥


भुजे सव्ये वेणुं शिरसि शिखिपिच्छं कटितटे

 दुकूलं नेत्रान्ते सहचर-कटाक्षं विदधते ।

सदा श्रीमद्‍-वृन्दावन-वसति-लीला-परिचयो

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन-पथ-गामी भवतु मे ॥


 महाम्भोधेस्तीरे कनक रुचिरे नील शिखरे

वसन् प्रासादान्तः सहज बलभद्रेण बलिना ।

 सुभद्रा मध्यस्थः सकलसुर सेवावसरदो

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन-पथ-गामी भवतु मे ॥


कृपा पारावारः सजल जलद श्रेणिरुचिरो

रमा वाणी रामः स्फुरद् अमल पङ्केरुहमुखः ।

सुरेन्द्रैर् आराध्यः श्रुतिगण शिखा गीत चरितो

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन पथ गामी भवतु मे ॥


रथारूढो गच्छन् पथि मिलित भूदेव पटलैः

स्तुति प्रादुर्भावम् प्रतिपदमुपाकर्ण्य सदयः ।

दया सिन्धुर्बन्धुः सकल जगतां सिन्धु सुतया

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन पथ गामी भवतु मे ॥


परंब्रह्मापीड़ः कुवलय-दलोत्‍फुल्ल-नयनो

निवासी नीलाद्रौ निहित-चरणोऽनन्त-शिरसि ।

रसानन्दी राधा-सरस-वपुरालिङ्गन-सुखो

 जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन-पथगामी भवतु मे॥


न वै याचे राज्यं न च कनक माणिक्य विभवं

न याचेऽहं रम्यां सकल जन काम्यां वरवधूम् ।

सदा काले काले प्रमथ पतिना गीतचरितो

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन पथ गामी भवतु मे ॥


हर त्वं संसारं द्रुततरम् असारं सुरपते

हर त्वं पापानां विततिम् अपरां यादवपते ।

अहो दीनेऽनाथे निहित चरणो निश्चितमिदं

जगन्नाथः स्वामी नयन पथ गामी भवतु मे ॥


जगन्नाथाष्टकं पुन्यं यः पठेत् प्रयतः शुचिः । सर्वपाप विशुद्धात्मा विष्णुलोकं स गच्छति

 ॥ इति श्रीमद शंकराचार्यविरचितं जगन्नाथाष्टकं संपूर्णम् ॥

Please share Sri Jagannath Ashtakam lyrics with your family and friends to share the joy of Hari Kirtan.

You may also like to read Sri Chaurashtakam and Sri Nand Nadanashtakam

Sri Ram Raksha Stotra – A Powerful Mantra for Protection

ram raksha stotra

Sri Ram Raksha Stotra is a Sanskrit hymn to praise Lord Rama. As per ancient scriptures, Reciting Sri Ram Raksha Stotra in a proper way and with full dedication with utmost faith protects against all kinds of hardships in life. In Padma Purana, Maharishi Vishmamitra is mentioned as Budhrishi who penned down all stanzas of Ram Raksha Stotra as per Lords Shiva’s recital in his dream.

Importance of Sri Ram Raksha Stotra

Although the recitation of Sri Ram Raksha Stotram has immense merits, during Navratri, Its divinity increased by manifolds. Recitation with full fervor and adherence to rites and rituals can bring enormous material and spiritual wealth. During the time of Navratri, daily muttering all stanzas in the early hours or Brahma Muhurta 11 times for 45 days is more virtuous than Ashwamedh Yagna. The reader of Sri Ram Raksha Stotra not only attains all kinds of earthly pleasures and victory but can also attain salvation.

Sri Ram Raksha Stotram in Sanskrit



अस्य श्रीरामरक्षास्त्रोतमन्त्रस्य बुधकौशिक ऋषिः ।श्री सीतारामचंद्रो देवता ।अनुष्टुप छंदः। सीता शक्तिः ।
श्रीमान हनुमान कीलकम ।श्री सीतारामचंद्रप्रीत्यर्थे रामरक्षास्त्रोतजपे विनियोगः ।

अथ ध्यानम्‌:

ध्यायेदाजानुबाहुं धृतशरधनुषं बद्धपदमासनस्थं,
पीतं वासो वसानं नवकमल दल स्पर्धिनेत्रम् प्रसन्नम ।
वामांकारूढ़ सीता मुखकमलमिलल्लोचनम्नी,
रदाभम् नानालंकारदीप्तं दधतमुरुजटामण्डलम् रामचंद्रम ॥

shri rama raksha stotram

राम रक्षा स्तोत्रम्:

चरितं रघुनाथस्य शतकोटि प्रविस्तरम् ।
एकैकमक्षरं पुंसां महापातकनाशनम् ॥१॥

ध्यात्वा नीलोत्पलश्यामं रामं राजीवलोचनम् ।
जानकीलक्ष्मणोपेतं जटामुकुटमण्डितं ॥२॥

सासितूणधनुर्बाणपाणिं नक्तंचरान्तकम् ।
स्वलीलया जगत्त्रातुमाविर्भूतमजं विभुम् ॥३॥

रामरक्षां पठेत प्राज्ञः पापघ्नीं सर्वकामदाम् ।
शिरो मे राघवः पातु भालं दशरथात्मजः ॥४॥

कौसल्येयो दृशो पातु विश्वामित्रप्रियः श्रुति ।
घ्राणं पातु मखत्राता मुखं सौमित्रिवत्सलः ॥५॥

जिह्वां विद्यानिधिः पातु कण्ठं भरतवन्दितः ।
स्कन्धौ दिव्यायुधः पातु भुजौ भग्नेशकार्मुकः ॥६॥

करौ सीतापतिः पातु हृदयं जामदग्न्यजित ।
मध्यं पातु खरध्वंसी नाभिं जाम्बवदाश्रयः ॥७॥

सुग्रीवेशः कटी पातु सक्थिनी हनुमत्प्रभुः ।
उरु रघूत्तमः पातु रक्षःकुलविनाशकृताः ॥८॥

जानुनी सेतुकृत पातु जंघे दशमुखांतकः ।
पादौ विभीषणश्रीदः पातु रामअखिलं वपुः ॥९॥

एतां रामबलोपेतां रक्षां यः सुकृति पठेत ।
स चिरायुः सुखी पुत्री विजयी विनयी भवेत् ॥१०॥

पातालभूतल व्योम चारिणश्छद्मचारिणः ।
न द्रष्टुमपि शक्तास्ते रक्षितं रामनामभिः ॥११॥

रामेति रामभद्रेति रामचंद्रेति वा स्मरन ।
नरौ न लिप्यते पापैर्भुक्तिं मुक्तिं च विन्दति ॥१२॥

जगज्जैत्रैकमन्त्रेण रामनाम्नाभिरक्षितम् ।
यः कण्ठे धारयेत्तस्य करस्थाः सर्वसिद्धयः ॥१३॥

वज्रपञ्जरनामेदं यो रामकवचं स्मरेत ।
अव्याहताज्ञाः सर्वत्र लभते जयमंगलम् ॥१४॥

आदिष्टवान् यथा स्वप्ने रामरक्षामिमां हरः ।
तथा लिखितवान् प्रातः प्रबुद्धो बुधकौशिकः ॥१५॥

आरामः कल्पवृक्षाणां विरामः सकलापदाम् ।
अभिरामस्त्रिलोकानां रामः श्रीमान स नः प्रभुः ॥१६॥

तरुणौ रूपसम्पन्नौ सुकुमारौ महाबलौ ।
पुण्डरीकविशालाक्षौ चीरकृष्णाजिनाम्बरौ ॥१७॥

फलमूलाशिनौ दान्तौ तापसौ ब्रह्मचारिणौ ।
पुत्रौ दशरथस्यैतौ भ्रातरौ रामलक्ष्मणौ ॥१८॥

शरण्यौ सर्वसत्वानां श्रेष्ठौ सर्वधनुष्मताम् ।
रक्षःकुलनिहन्तारौ त्रायेतां नो रघूत्तमौ ॥१९॥

आत्तसज्जधनुषाविषुस्पृशा वक्ष याशुगनिषङ्गसङ्गिनौ ।
रक्षणाय मम रामलक्ष्मणावग्रतः पथि सदैव गच्छताम ॥२०॥

सन्नद्धः कवची खड्गी चापबाणधरो युवा ।
गच्छन् मनोरथान नश्च रामः पातु सलक्ष्मणः ॥२१॥

रामो दाशरथी शूरो लक्ष्मणानुचरो बली ।
काकुत्स्थः पुरुषः पूर्णः कौसल्येयो रघूत्तमः ॥२२॥

वेदान्तवेद्यो यज्ञेशः पुराणपुरुषोत्तमः ।
जानकीवल्लभः श्रीमानप्रमेयपराक्रमः ॥२३॥

इत्येतानि जपन नित्यं मद्भक्तः श्रद्धयान्वितः ।
अश्वमेधाधिकं पुण्यं सम्प्राप्नोति न संशयः ॥२४॥

रामं दुर्वादलश्यामं पद्माक्षं पीतवाससम ।
स्तुवन्ति नामभिर्दिव्यैर्न ते संसारिणो नरः ॥२५॥

रामं लक्ष्मणपूर्वजं रघुवरं सीतापतिं सुन्दरं,
काकुत्स्थं करुणार्णवं गुणनिधिं विप्रप्रियं धार्मिकम ।
राजेन्द्रं सत्यसंधं दशरथतनयं श्यामलं शांतमूर्तिं,
वन्दे लोकाभिरामं रघुकुलतिलकं राघवं रावणारिम ॥२६॥

रामाय रामभद्राय रामचंद्राय वेधसे ।
रघुनाथाय नाथाय सीतायाः पतये नमः ॥२७॥

श्रीराम राम रघुनन्दनराम राम,
श्रीराम राम भरताग्रज राम राम ।
श्रीराम राम रणकर्कश राम राम,
श्रीराम राम शरणं भव राम राम ॥२८॥

श्रीराम चन्द्रचरणौ मनसा स्मरामि,
श्रीराम चंद्रचरणौ वचसा गृणामि ।
श्रीराम चन्द्रचरणौ शिरसा नमामि,
श्रीराम चन्द्रचरणौ शरणं प्रपद्ये ॥२९॥

माता रामो मत्पिता रामचन्द्रः स्वामी,
रामो मत्सखा रामचन्द्रः ।
सर्वस्वं मे रामचन्द्रो दयालुर्नान्यं,
जाने नैव जाने न जाने ॥३०॥

दक्षिणे लक्ष्मणो यस्य वामे च जनकात्मज ।
पुरतो मारुतिर्यस्य तं वन्दे रघुनन्दनम् ॥३१॥

लोकाभिरामं रणरंगधीरं राजीवनेत्रं रघुवंशनाथं ।
कारुण्यरूपं करुणाकरं तं श्रीरामचन्द्रं शरणं प्रपद्ये ॥३२॥

ram raksha stotra

मनोजवं मारुततुल्यवेगं जितेन्द्रियं बुद्धिमतां वरिष्ठम ।

वातात्मजं वानरयूथमुख्यं श्रीराम दूतं शरणं प्रपद्ये ॥३३॥

कूजन्तं रामरामेति मधुरं मधुराक्षरम ।
आरुह्य कविताशाखां वन्दे वाल्मीकिकोकिलम ॥३४॥

आपदामपहर्तारं दातारं सर्वसम्पदाम् ।
लोकाभिरामं श्रीरामं भूयो भूयो नमाम्यहम् ॥३५॥

भर्जनं भवबीजानामर्जनं सुखसम्पदाम् ।
तर्जनं यमदूतानां रामरामेति गर्जनम् ॥३६॥

रामो राजमणिः सदा विजयते,
रामं रमेशं भजे रामेणाभिहता,
निशाचरचमू रामाय तस्मै नमः ।
रामान्नास्ति परायणं परतरं,
रामस्य दासोस्म्यहं रामे चित्तलयः,
सदा भवतु मे भो राम मामुद्धराः ॥३७॥

राम रामेति रामेति रमे रामे मनोरमे ।
सहस्त्रनाम तत्तुल्यं रामनाम वरानने ॥३८॥

इति श्रीबुधकौशिकविरचितं श्रीरामरक्षास्तोत्रं सम्पूर्णम्॥

॥ श्री सीतारामचन्द्रार्पणमस्तु॥

Shri Rama Raksha Stotram in English

sri ram raksha stotra in english


ōṃ asya śrī rāmarakṣā stōtramantrasya budhakauśika ṛṣiḥ, śrī sītārāma chandrōdēvatā, anuṣṭup Chandaḥ
sītā śaktiḥ,śrīmad hanumān kīlakam,śrīrāmachandra prītyarthē rāmarakṣā stōtrajapē viniyōgaḥ ॥

Atha dhyānam

dhyāyēdājānubāhuṃ dhṛtaśara dhanuṣaṃ baddha padmāsanasthaṃ
pītaṃ vāsōvasānaṃ navakamala daḻasparthi nētraṃ prasannam ।
vāmāṅkārūḍha sītāmukha kamalamilallōchanaṃ nīradābhaṃ
nānālaṅkāra dīptaṃ dadhatamuru jaṭāmaṇḍalaṃ rāmachandram ॥


charitaṃ raghunāthasya śatakōṭi pravistaram ।
ēkaikamakṣaraṃ puṃsāṃ mahāpātaka nāśanam ॥ 1 ॥

dhyātvā nīlōtpala śyāmaṃ rāmaṃ rājīvalōchanam ।
jānakī lakṣmaṇōpētaṃ jaṭāmukuṭa maṇḍitam ॥ 2 ॥

sāsitūṇa dhanurbāṇa pāṇiṃ naktaṃ charāntakam ।
svalīlayā jagattrātu māvirbhūtamajaṃ vibhum ॥ 3 ॥

rāmarakṣāṃ paṭhētprājñaḥ pāpaghnīṃ sarvakāmadām ।
śirō mē rāghavaḥ pātu phālaṃ daśarathātmajaḥ ॥ 4 ॥

kausalyēyō dṛśaupātu viśvāmitrapriyaḥ śṛtī ।
ghrāṇaṃ pātu makhatrātā mukhaṃ saumitrivatsalaḥ ॥ 5 ॥

jihvāṃ vidyānidhiḥ pātu kaṇṭhaṃ bharatavanditaḥ ।
skandhau divyāyudhaḥ pātu bhujau bhagnēśakārmukaḥ ॥ 6 ॥

karau sītāpatiḥ pātu hṛdayaṃ jāmadagnyajit ।
madhyaṃ pātu kharadhvaṃsī nābhiṃ jāmbavadāśrayaḥ ॥ 7 ॥

sugrīvēśaḥ kaṭiṃ pātu sakthinī hanumat-prabhuḥ ।
ūrū raghūttamaḥ pātu rakṣaḥkula vināśakṛt ॥ 8 ॥

jānunī sētukṛt-pātu jaṅghē daśamukhāntakaḥ ।
pādau vibhīṣaṇaśrīdaḥ pātu rāmō’khilaṃ vapuḥ ॥ 9 ॥

ētāṃ rāmabalōpētāṃ rakṣāṃ yaḥ sukṛtī paṭhēt ।
sa chirāyuḥ sukhī putrī vijayī vinayī bhavēt ॥ 10 ॥

pātāḻa-bhūtala-vyōma-chāriṇa-śchadma-chāriṇaḥ ।
na draṣṭumapi śaktāstē rakṣitaṃ rāmanāmabhiḥ ॥ 11 ॥

rāmēti rāmabhadrēti rāmachandrēti vā smaran ।
narō na lipyatē pāpairbhuktiṃ muktiṃ cha vindati ॥ 12 ॥

jagajjaitraika mantrēṇa rāmanāmnābhi rakṣitam ।
yaḥ kaṇṭhē dhārayēttasya karasthāḥ sarvasiddhayaḥ ॥ 13 ॥

vajrapañjara nāmēdaṃ yō rāmakavachaṃ smarēt ।
avyāhatājñaḥ sarvatra labhatē jayamaṅgaḻam ॥ 14 ॥

ādiṣṭavān-yathā svapnē rāmarakṣāmimāṃ haraḥ ।
tathā likhitavān-prātaḥ prabuddhau budhakauśikaḥ ॥ 15 ॥

ārāmaḥ kalpavṛkṣāṇāṃ virāmaḥ sakalāpadām ।
abhirāma-strilōkānāṃ rāmaḥ śrīmān sa naḥ prabhuḥ ॥ 16 ॥

taruṇau rūpasampannau sukumārau mahābalau ।
puṇḍarīka viśālākṣau chīrakṛṣṇājināmbarau ॥ 17 ॥

phalamūlāśinau dāntau tāpasau brahmachāriṇau ।
putrau daśarathasyaitau bhrātarau rāmalakṣmaṇau ॥ 18 ॥

śaraṇyau sarvasattvānāṃ śrēṣṭhau sarvadhanuṣmatām ।
rakṣaḥkula nihantārau trāyētāṃ nō raghūttamau ॥ 19 ॥

ātta sajya dhanuṣā viṣuspṛśā vakṣayāśuga niṣaṅga saṅginau ।
rakṣaṇāya mama rāmalakṣaṇāvagrataḥ pathi sadaiva gachChatām ॥ 20 ॥

ram navmi

sannaddhaḥ kavachī khaḍgī chāpabāṇadharō yuvā ।
gachChan manōrathānnaścha (manōrathō’smākaṃ) rāmaḥ pātu sa lakṣmaṇaḥ ॥ 21 ॥

rāmō dāśarathi śśūrō lakṣmaṇānucharō balī ।
kākutsaḥ puruṣaḥ pūrṇaḥ kausalyēyō raghūttamaḥ ॥ 22 ॥

vēdāntavēdyō yajñēśaḥ purāṇa puruṣōttamaḥ ।
jānakīvallabhaḥ śrīmānapramēya parākramaḥ ॥ 23 ॥

ityētāni japēnnityaṃ madbhaktaḥ śraddhayānvitaḥ ।
aśvamēdhādhikaṃ puṇyaṃ samprāpnōti na saṃśayaḥ ॥ 24 ॥

rāmaṃ dūrvādaḻa śyāmaṃ padmākṣaṃ pītavāsasam ।
stuvanti nābhi-rdivyai-rnatē saṃsāriṇō narāḥ ॥ 25 ॥

rāmaṃ lakṣmaṇa pūrvajaṃ raghuvaraṃ sītāpatiṃ sundaram
kākutsthaṃ karuṇārṇavaṃ guṇanidhiṃ viprapriyaṃ dhārmikam ।
rājēndraṃ satyasandhaṃ daśarathatanayaṃ śyāmalaṃ śāntamūrtim
vandē lōkābhirāmaṃ raghukula tilakaṃ rāghavaṃ rāvaṇārim ॥ 26 ॥

rāmāya rāmabhadrāya rāmachandrāya vēdhasē ।
raghunāthāya nāthāya sītāyāḥ patayē namaḥ ॥ 27 ॥

śrīrāma rāma raghunandana rāma rāma
śrīrāma rāma bharatāgraja rāma rāma ।
śrīrāma rāma raṇakarkaśa rāma rāma
śrīrāma rāma śaraṇaṃ bhava rāma rāma ॥ 28 ॥

śrīrāma chandra charaṇau manasā smarāmi
śrīrāma chandra charaṇau vachasā gṛhṇāmi ।
śrīrāma chandra charaṇau śirasā namāmi
śrīrāma chandra charaṇau śaraṇaṃ prapadyē ॥ 29 ॥

mātā rāmō mat-pitā rāmachandraḥ
svāmī rāmō mat-sakhā rāmachandraḥ ।
sarvasvaṃ mē rāmachandrō dayāḻuḥ
nānyaṃ jānē naiva na jānē ॥ 30 ॥

dakṣiṇē lakṣmaṇō yasya vāmē cha (tu) janakātmajā ।
puratō mārutiryasya taṃ vandē raghunandanam ॥ 31 ॥

lōkābhirāmaṃ raṇaraṅgadhīraṃ
rājīvanētraṃ raghuvaṃśanātham ।
kāruṇyarūpaṃ karuṇākaraṃ taṃ
śrīrāmachandraṃ śaraṇyaṃ prapadyē ॥ 32 ॥

manōjavaṃ māruta tulya vēgaṃ
jitēndriyaṃ buddhimatāṃ variṣṭam ।
vātātmajaṃ vānarayūtha mukhyaṃ
śrīrāmadūtaṃ śaraṇaṃ prapadyē ॥ 33 ॥

kūjantaṃ rāmarāmēti madhuraṃ madhurākṣaram ।
āruhyakavitā śākhāṃ vandē vālmīki kōkilam ॥ 34 ॥

āpadāmapahartāraṃ dātāraṃ sarvasampadām ।
lōkābhirāmaṃ śrīrāmaṃ bhūyōbhūyō namāmyaham ॥ 35 ॥

bharjanaṃ bhavabījānāmarjanaṃ sukhasampadām ।
tarjanaṃ yamadūtānāṃ rāma rāmēti garjanam ॥ 36 ॥

rāmō rājamaṇiḥ sadā vijayatē rāmaṃ ramēśaṃ bhajē
rāmēṇābhihatā niśācharachamū rāmāya tasmai namaḥ ।
rāmānnāsti parāyaṇaṃ parataraṃ rāmasya dāsōsmyahaṃ
rāmē chittalayaḥ sadā bhavatu mē bhō rāma māmuddhara ॥ 37 ॥

śrīrāma rāma rāmēti ramē rāmē manōramē ।
sahasranāma tattulyaṃ rāma nāma varānanē ॥ 38 ॥

iti śrībudhakauśikamuni virachitaṃ śrīrāma rakṣāstōtraṃ sampūrṇam ।

॥ ”śrī sītarāmacandrārpaṇamastu”॥

The name of Sri Ram is equal to 1000 names of Lord Vishnu, such as the glory of Ram Naam chanting. Chanting of these 38 stanzas keeps one’s mind calm and strong. The name of Sri Ram protects his devotees from all kinds of suffering and sorrow. Reading this hymn along with Sita Kavacham can manifold the spiritual effects on devotees.

Jai Sri Ram

You may also read Shri Ramashtkam

Sri Ram Raksha Stotra

Why Ekadashi is important – 7 benefits You can’t Ignore

why ekadashi is observed

Fasting in particular Ekadashi is getting popular over the last couple of years all over the world. You may have thought about why Ekadashi is important.

Here we talk about fasting benefits that you can’t ignore for sure.

For many centuries, Indians have been practicing the art of fasting. In fact, it has been documented in most in every ancient scripture that Ekadashi fasting has immense benefits in terms of physical as well as spiritual health.

Most of the Indian population observes fast. Many Hindus do this in order to live a more peaceful life and to make their bodies stronger.

benefits of ekadashi

Types of Ekadashi Fastings

Ekadashi in Sanskrit means the eleventh day. There are 24 Ekadashi in a year, which falls every 15 days. That means there are two Ekadashi in a month. One of them falls in the waning moon and another in the waxing moon.

Chanting the name of Lord Vishnu and meditating upon him, is considered very auspicious in this day.

Here are a list of Ekadashi that falls in Krishna paksha that’s is dark lunar fortnights are

  1. Papavimocani
  2. Varunthini
  3. Apara
  4. Yogini
  5. Kamika
  6. Aja
  7. Indira
  8. Rama
  9. Utpanna
  10. Saphala
  11. Shat Tila
  12. Vijaya

Ekadashi which falls in Shukla paksha or bright lunar fortnight:

  1. Kamada
  2. Mohini
  3. Nirjala
  4. Dev Shayani
  5. Shravan Putrada
  6. Padma
  7. Papaankusha
  8. Prabhodini or Dev Utthani
  9. Mokshada
  10. Vaikuntha
  11. Jaya
  12. Aamalki

Padmini Visuddha Ekadashi (Krishna paksha) and Parama suddha Ekadashi( shukla Paksha) fall in adhik mass or Purushottam mass.

Why Ekadashi is important


You can reap a lot of benefits from observing Ekadashi fast. Here we have covered some benefits to answer why Ekadashi is important and why you should observe it.

As per some studies, it has been observed that Moon has maximum influence on our digestive system between the eleventh day till the fifth day in both lunar cycles. Particularly, In those days our brain functioning also takes a hit and thus can affect our memory, thoughts, and decision-making abilities.

In order to avoid all these complications, It’s critical to fast on the 11th day which cleanses our digestive system.

Fasting is a ritual of purification. Therefore, in Ekadashi fast, you have to refrain from all kinds of grains, cereals, poultry, and meat. This way you allow your digestive system to recuperate and rest.

It is a method of purification that allows your body to reset and lessens the chances of you getting health disorders.

Fasting allows you to make some big changes in your lifestyle. After fasting, you may notice a difference in your personality. This is because you are returning to a state of purity, and there is a sense of being stronger. In due course, you will find that you are able to better handle stress and frustrations.

this fasting provides plenty of energy for your body. When you fast, your body needs to be cleansed of toxins, to be filled with extra energy. It also gives you more energy, which eventually helps you to work harder and longer.

Ekadashi fasting can allow you to get rid of all the poisons that have entered your body. By detoxifying your body, you can feel lighter and cleaner, and more like your true self.

Fasting helps you focus on something that is important. By fasting, you focus on your positive qualities, and you are able to forget about your negative attributes.

When you focus on those things that make you happy, you find that you are able to do things more easily and that you find yourself more fulfilled.

Ekadashi fasting gives you the opportunity to control your body and thoughts. As you learn how to control your body and mind, force it to act according to your desires, you will find that you are in charge of your life. As a result, you can attain peace, health, and prosperity.


In a nutshell, Fasting helps you to overhaul your machinery. So that, your body can regain its original capability. This, in fact, prepare your body to attain higher realms of life.

Now you know why Ekadashi is important and why you should observe the fast.

Please comment and share the article if you have find it useful.

Diwali Significance and Puja Vidhi with Mantra

diwali puja vidhi

Diwali or Deepawali is the most iconic festival of Hindus celebrated across the length and breadth of the country. This year, Diwali will be celebrated on 4th November. Read on to know more about the festival of lights- Diwali and Diwali Puja Vidhi with mantra and its significance.

importance of diwali

Significance of Diwali

The literal meaning of Deepawali (deep – lights, vali – row or cluster) is “Rows of lights”. Diwali is festivals of joy, illumination, generosity, and exuberance. Deepawali signifies the importance of knowledge, righteousness and integrity. The light of knowledge removes the darkness of thoughts produced by ignorance

People decorate their houses and offices with toran, rangoli, and diyas or lamps. People wear new clothes, all family members come together to celebrate this festival with exuberance and exchanges gifts among themselves. Everyone comes together to burn firecrackers. It is believed that fireworks ward off evil spirits.

Kartik Amavasya i.e.15th day of new moon day is the darkest night of the year and lighting diyas on this day signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over bad deeds, and virtuous over evil. In order to, invite Goddess Lakshmi, people light Diya at the entrance of their home and windowsills and let open their doors for her to enter.

People clean and decorate their home and place of work to welcome the Goddess of wealth and prosperity Lakshmi. Along with Goddess Lakshmi People also worship Lord Ganesh, Goddess Kali, and Sarasvati, Kuber, and Indra. Businessmen and traders also worship their account books to ensure year-long profits.

As per Padam Puran, arranging diyas in rows and mandala on the day of Kartik Amavasya may help to attain Param pad or absolute salvation.

कार्तिक मास्यमावास्या तस्यां दीप प्रदीपनम् |

शालायां ब्राह्मणः कुर्यात् स गच्छेत् परमं पदम् ||

Kartike maasyamavasya tasyam deep pradeepanam | shalayam bhramanah kuryat sa gacchet param padam ||

According to Brahma Purana, The Goddess of wealth Lakshmi visits the cleanest houses to bless the devotees with wealth, prosperity, and good fortunes. That’s why cleaning is the most important aspect of the Diwali festival. The reason being, after rain, the house gets dirty due to dirt and cobwebs. To remove this filth and odor, people, clean and paint their houses.

Why do we celebrate Diwali

Lord Rama came back with his consort Seetha and Brother Laxman after completing the exile of 14 years. To welcome them, People lit diyas all across the streets and decorated the city like a newly-wed bride. The people of Ayodhya illuminated the city to commemorate his king Rama’s victory over the demon king Ravana.

As per other sources, on this Kartik Krishna Amavasya, Goddess Lakshmi emerged from the churning of the cosmic ocean where deva and asura both participated. On the auspicious day of Deepawali, Goddess Lakshmi chose Lord Vishnu for marriage.

In Jainism and Sikhism, this day also holds an important place. Jain Teerthankar Mahavira Swami attained moksha on Diwali, thus celebrated as Mahavira nirvana diwas in the Jain community.

Guru Hargovind Singh, the sixth Sikh guru, was released on this day from the captivity of Jahangir along with 52 other Hindu kings.

Diwali Puja Vidhi

diwali puja vidhi

Diwali Puja vidhi differ across regions and customs vary from family to family. Though the basic method is the same. Some people worship only Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesh while some like to pray Lakshmi Ganesh, Sarasvati along with Ganga Ji.

On Kartik Krishna Amavasya, after taking bath early in the morning, Take Sankalp by chanting this mantra

“मम सर्वपच्छान्ति पूर्वकदीर्घायुष्यबल्पुष्टिनैरुज्यदिसकलशुभ्फलप्राप्त्यर्थं गजतुरगरथराज्यैश्वर्यदिसकलसंपदामुत्तरोत्तराभिवृद्धयेअर्थं इन्द्रकुबेरसहितं श्री लक्ष्मी पूजनं करिष्ये “

After taking Sankalp, keep fast either without water or on fruits depending upon your capacity.

In the evening, again take bath, and in your pooja room or wealth storage room, place murti of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh on a chauki or on an elevated platform on red cloth. After that draw ashtdal with akshat, and fill a copper, silver, or gold pot with water along with, betel nut,Akshat and coin. Keep some grains on top of kalash and Place this kalash in front of Mutis.

diwali puja vidhi

After placing Murti, chant

‘Shri Ganeshaye Namah’

‘Lakshmaye Namah’

‘Indraye namah’ and ‘Kuberaye namah’

It is customary to invoke Lord Ganesh before anyone else because he is vighnaharta Thus, removes all obstacles and brings auspiciousness to occasion.

Mantra for Lord Ganesh

वक्रतुण्ड महाकाय सूर्य कोटि समप्रभा , निविघ्नं कुरु मे देव सर्व कार्येषु सर्वदा ||

Vakratunda mahakaya suryakoti samprabha | nirvighnam Kurume dev sarva karyesu sarvada ||

Mantra for Goddess Lakshmi

नमस्ते सर्वदेवानां वरदासि हरेः प्रिया | या गतिस्त्वत्प्रपन्नानां सा मे भूयात्त्वदर्चनात ||

Namste sarvadevanam vardasi hareh Priya| yaa gatistvaatprapannanam sa me bhuyatvadarchanam

Mantra for Indra Poojan

ऐरावत समारुढा व्रज्रहस्तो महाबलः | शत यज्ञाधिपो देवस्तस्मा इन्द्राय ते नमः ||

Airavatsamrudho vrajahasto mahabalah| shatyagnadhipodevastasma indraye ten amah ||

Mantra for Kuber Poojan

धनदाय नमस्तुभ्यं निधिपद्माधिपाय च | भवन्तु त्वत्प्रसादान्मे धनधान्यादिसंपदः ||

Dhandaay namustubhyam nidhipadmadhipay cha|

Bhavantu tvatprasadnme dhandhaayadisampadah ||

diwali sweets

Make offerings of flowers, fruits, sweets, puffed rice, batasha to the deities, and lit clay diyas in every nook and corner of the house. After that, enjoy the sweets and savories with your friends and family, burn firecrackers and share happiness.

Happy Diwali to all the readers of Devotionalfolks.

You may also like to read Dhanteras puja vidhi and Narak Chaturdashi Puja Vidhi

Dev Uthani Ekadashi Vrat Katha and Mantra

dev uthani ekadashi

All Vishnu devotees observe Dev Uthani Ekadashi vrat all across India and abroad. Read the article to know about Dev Uthani Ekadashi Vrat katha, Puja vidhi and mantra along with Tulsi Vivah story.

The eleventh day of Kartik month in waxing moon of Hindu calendar is known as many names such as Dev Uthani Ekadashi, Kartik Ekadashi, Prabodhini Ekadashi, Devuthav Ekadashi, Devothhani Gyaras, and Devutthana Ekadashi. This year it is falling on 25th November 2020 on Wednesday.

Lord Vishnu wakes up after a yoga slumber of four months in kshira Sagar from ashad Shukla and wakes up on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi.

dev utthani ekadashi

Basically, all auspicious works start from Devauthani Ekadashi, which were stopped on Devshayani Ekadashi. Lord Vishnu sleeps in these four months in kshira Sagar. This is the reason, Lord Vishnu is not worshiped on Diwali, but after awakening Lord Vishnu on Devauthani Ekadashi, all celebrate Dev Diwali by worshiping the deities, Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi.

Worshiping Lord Vishnu on the day of Devuthani Ekadashi keeps the special blessings of God on the whole family. With this, Goddess Lakshmi rains wealth, happiness, and prosperity at home.

Dev Uthani Ekadashi Puja Vidhi and Mantra

On the day of Prabodhini Ekadashi or Devauthani or Devotthani Ekadashi, people worship Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi.

To wake him up, devotees listen and read Bhagwat Katha, puranas, and sing bhajan in praise of the lord. People play ghanta, sankh, mridang, nagare and veena to wake Lord Vishnu from yog nidra.

People chant this mantra for Him to awake.

उत्तिष्ठो तिष्ठ गोविन्द त्यज निद्रां जगत्पते| त्वयि सुप्ते जगन्नाथ् जगत् सुप्तं भवेदिदम् ||

उत्थिते चेष्टते सर्वमुत्तिष्ठो तिष्ठ माधव | गता मेघा वियच्चैव निर्मलं निर्मलादिशः ||

Utitshthothist Govind tyaz nidram jagatapate| tvayi supte jagannath jagat suptam bhavedidam|

uthithe cheshte  sarva muttishthotitsht madav| gata megha viycchave nirmalam nirmaladisha ||

शारदानि च पुष्पाणि गृहान् मम केशव

Shardani ch pushpani grihan mam Keshav

After that worship him by offering different types of flowers, leaves, and fruits. Decorate his temple and home temple with Vandana var of mango leaves. Worship him as according to panchdev puja Vidhan. In the end sing aarti by lighting ghee diya or karpura diya.

After that offer flowers by chanting this mantra ;

यज्ञेन यज्ञमयजन्त देवास्तानि धर्माणि प्रथमान्यासन |

तेह् नाकं महिमानः सचन्त यत्र पूर्वे संध्याः सन्ति देवाः ||

Yagnen yagyamayjant devastani dharmani prathamanasyan |

theh naakam mahimaanah schant yatra purve sandhyah santi devah||

Pray with this mantra

इयं तु द्वादशी देव प्रबोधाय विनिर्मिता | त्वयैव सर्वलोकानां हितार्थं शेषसायिना ||

इदं व्रतं मया देव कृतं प्रीत्यै तव प्रभो | न्यूनं संपूर्णतां यातु तवत्प्रसादज्जनार्दन ||

Iyam tu Dwadashi dev prabhodhay vinirmita | tvayev sarvalokanam hitratham sheshsayina||

Idam vratam maya dev kritam preetaye tab prabho | nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasadajnardana||

After that, distribute the prasad of Panchamrit or charnamrit to all the devotees.

On this day, lamps should be lit outside the houses and at the place of worship.

Importance of Dev Uthani Ekadashi

Dharmaraja Yudhishthira asked krishna, “O God! I heard a detailed description of Kartik Krishna Ekadashi i.e. Rama Ekadashi. Now please kindly tell me about Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. What is the name of this Ekadashi? What is the method and the result of observing this fast? Please explain all this in detail.

dev uthani ekadadhi vrat katha

Lord Shri Krishna said: This Ekadashi, which falls on the day of Tulsi wedding in the bright fortnight of Kartik month, is also called Vishnu Prabodhini Ekadashi, Dev-Prabodhini Ekadashi, Devotthan, Dev Uthav Ekadashi, Devauthani Ekadashi, Devotthan, Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, and Prabodhini Ekadashi. This is going to destroy the biggest sins. Listen carefully to what I am telling you.

Dev Uthani Ekadashi Vrat Katha

Once upon a time, there was a kingdom where everybody was fasting on Ekadashi. Nobody would eat food on that day including subjects, servants, and animals.

One day, A person from another kingdom, came to this state looking for a job. King got ready to give him a job but on one condition that he will not get to eat anything on the day of Ekadashi. He agreed and started working. When Ekadashi came, He was given fruits as a meal. But he felt hungry and pleaded to the king that fruits won’t be sufficient to fill his stomach. Therefore, he pleaded to the king to give him some grains otherwise he will die out of hunger.

The king reminded him about his agreement of not having grains on Ekadashi, but he pleaded and King arranged Flour, dal, and vegetables for him. After taking the supplies, He went to the river as usual and after a bath, prepared the meal. After preparing the meals, he called Bhagwan to come and have food with him.

On his calling, Chaturbhuj Shri Vishnu wearing yellow attire came and had food made by him. Shri Vishnu vanished after finishing the meals, and he went back to his work.

prabhodhini ekadashi

Fifteen days later, on the next Ekadashi, He went to the king and asked to double the supplies of grains because he remained hungry on the last Ekadashi. Maharaja asked the reason. On asking, he replied that Bhagwan came and ate along with him. That’s why the supplies are not enough for me.

After listening to his reply, the king got stunned. The king said I cannot trust you. I keep fast and worship Lord Vishnu, but He never came In front of me.

Hearing this, He said to the king – Maharaj! If you could not believe my words, why don’t you come and see by yourself?

On the day of Ekadashi, both went to the riverside. King hid behind the tree and that servant prepared the meals and started calling for the Lord to come and have the meal. But after calling many times, Sri Hari did not come. The evening was also getting over but Lord did not show off.

After waiting for so long, The person lost his hope and said I will give up my life by jumping into the river. After seeing no sign of the lord, he made up his mind to end his life. As he was about to jump into the river, Lord Vishnu on seeing his strong will came to him and had meals with him. After eating the foods, Lord Vishnu took him with him to his abode on his plane

Seeing this amazing Leela, King realized that just by observing fast, one cannot see Lord, for that to happen, one should observe fast wholeheartedly with full devotion. Subsequently, The king started to fast with a pure mind and finally got to heaven.

tulsi vivah

Tulsi Vivah

On Prabodhini Ekadashi, many people perform Tulsi Vivah, but five days starting from Ekadashi till Kartik Purnima is also a very auspicious time to perform Tulsi vivah Pujan.

As per Padmpuran. Kartik Shukla Navami is the day for performing Tulsi Vivah, But as per many scriptures, these five days from Ekadashi to Kartik Poornima are more auspicious and popular for Tulsi vivah.

Tulsi Vivah Story

There is a popular story behind the marriage of Lord Shaligram and Mata Tulsi. Actually, Vrinda, the wife of a demon named Jalandhar, was extremely pious. To defeat Jalandhar, it was necessary to deviate from the austerity of Vrinda. In order to do that, Lord Vishnu changed his form and tricked Vrinda, thus dissolving the piousness of Vrinda and, as a result, Lord Shiva killed Jalandhar.

For this deceit, Vrinda cursed Lord Vishnu to turn black rock. Consequently, Lord Vishnu transformed into sila and came to be called Shaligram. After the request of Goddess Lakshmi, She took back the curse from Lord Vishnu and self-immolated herself in the fire. Her ashes turned into Tulsi Plant.

In order to please Tulsi, Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Vishnu gave her a boon, that whoever worships Tulsi, will get the blessings of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. To commemorate Tulsi’s austerity, people organize Tulsi Vivah and get blessings from Lord Vishnu, Goddess Lakshmi, and Goddess Tulsi.

In a nutshell, Listening and reading Dev Uthani Ekadashi Vrat Katha and performing Tulsi Vivah on Dev Uthani Ekadashi is very auspicious and removes the big sins of many births.

You may also like to read Importance of Ekadashi Vrat.

Damodarashtakam lyrics in Hindi and English with Meaning


Damodarashtkam is a beautiful hymn about the childhood pastimes of Lord Krishna. Before explaining the importance of Reading Damodar ashtakam lyrics in Kartik month, Let’s take a look at who composed this beautiful stotram.

Damodarshtakam mentioned in Padam Puran is composed by Krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa.

Kartik is the month where Krishna devotees remember the mischievous childhood pastimes of Lord Krishna. Damodarshtakam is about Krishna being bound by chords of love by Mata Yashoda.

The recitation of Damodara Ashtakam during the auspicious month of Kartik deepen the devotion and love for Lord Krishna.

What is the Significance of Kartik Month

Kartik months fall every year around October and November month of the gregorian calendar.

The Skanda Purana describes the glory of the month of Kartik.
As per Skanda Purana, there is no other month like Kartik, no era like Satyayuga, no scripture like Veda, and no pilgrimage like Gangaji.

Kartik is the dearest month of Lord Krishna and holiest for his devotees.
This month is great for worshiping, donation, and self-control, which makes one healthy, wealthy, long-lived, and happy. The month is good for austerity, which bestows wisdom and peace.
In Kartik month, taking a bath in holy rivers is believed to remove many sins of past lives because Lord Hari lives in the water this month.

Offering ghee lamps is very beneficial for devotees as it deepens the love and devotion for Krishna. Singing Damodar Ashtakam and offering ghee lamps perishes accumulated sins and tribulation of previous births in a moment.

kartik month damodar

Damodarashtakam lyrics in English


namāmīśvaram sac-cid-ānanda-rūpam
lasat-kuṇḍalam gokule bhrājamanam
yaśodā-bhiyolūkhalād dhāvamānam
parāmṛṣṭam atyantato drutya gopyā ||


rudantam muhur netra-yugmam mṛjantam
karāmbhoja-yugmena sātańka-netram
muhuḥ śvāsa-kampa-trirekhāńka-kaṇṭha-
sthita-graivam dāmodaram bhakti-baddham ||


itīdṛk sva-līlābhir ānanda-kuṇḍe
sva-ghoṣam nimajjantam ākhyāpayantam
tadīyeṣita-jñeṣu bhaktair jitatvam
punaḥ prematas tam śatāvṛtti vande


varam deva mokṣam na mokṣāvadhim vā
na canyam vṛṇe ‘ham vareṣād apīha
idam te vapur nātha gopāla-bālam
sadā me manasy āvirāstām kim anyaiḥ


idam te mukhāmbhojam atyanta-nīlair
vṛtam kuntalaiḥ snigdha-raktaiś ca gopyā
muhuś cumbitam bimba-raktādharam me
manasy āvirāstām alam lakṣa-lābhaiḥ


namo deva dāmodarānanta viṣṇo
prasīda prabho duḥkha-jālābdhi-magnam
kṛpā-dṛṣṭi-vṛṣṭyāti-dīnam batānu
gṛhāṇeṣa mām ajñam edhy akṣi-dṛśyaḥ


kuverātmajau baddha-mūrtyaiva yadvat
tvayā mocitau bhakti-bhājau kṛtau ca
tathā prema-bhaktim svakām me prayaccha
na mokṣe graho me ‘sti dāmodareha


namas te ‘stu dāmne sphurad-dīpti-dhāmne
tvadīyodarāyātha viśvasya dhāmne
namo rādhikāyai tvadīya-priyāyai
namo ‘nanta-līlāya devāya tubhyam

damodar  mass

Damodarasthkam in Hindi Lyrics

नमामीश्वरं सच्चिदानंदरूपं
लसत्कुण्डलं गोकुले भ्राजमानं
परामृष्टमत्यं ततो द्रुत्य गोप्या ॥ १॥

रुदन्तं मुहुर्नेत्रयुग्मं मृजन्तम्
कराम्भोज-युग्मेन सातङ्क-नेत्रम्
मुहुः श्वास-कम्प-त्रिरेखाङ्क-कण्ठ
स्थित-ग्रैवं दामोदरं भक्ति-बद्धम् ॥ २॥

इतीदृक् स्वलीलाभिरानंद कुण्डे
स्व-घोषं निमज्जन्तम् आख्यापयन्तम्
तदीयेशितज्ञेषु भक्तिर्जितत्वम
पुनः प्रेमतस्तं शतावृत्ति वन्दे ॥ ३॥

वरं देव! मोक्षं न मोक्षावधिं वा
न चान्यं वृणेऽहं वरेशादपीह
इदं ते वपुर्नाथ गोपाल बालं
सदा मे मनस्याविरास्तां किमन्यैः ॥ ४॥

इदं ते मुखाम्भोजम् अत्यन्त-नीलैः
वृतं कुन्तलैः स्निग्ध-रक्तैश्च गोप्या
मुहुश्चुम्बितं बिम्बरक्ताधरं मे
मनस्याविरास्तामलं लक्षलाभैः ॥ ५॥

नमो देव दामोदरानन्त विष्णो
प्रभो दुःख-जालाब्धि-मग्नम्
कृपा-दृष्टि-वृष्ट्याति-दीनं बतानु
गृहाणेष मामज्ञमेध्यक्षिदृश्यः ॥ ६॥

कुबेरात्मजौ बद्ध-मूर्त्यैव यद्वत्
त्वया मोचितौ भक्ति-भाजौ कृतौ च
तथा प्रेम-भक्तिं स्वकां मे प्रयच्छ
न मोक्षे ग्रहो मेऽस्ति दामोदरेह ॥ ७॥

नमस्तेऽस्तु दाम्ने स्फुरद्-दीप्ति-धाम्ने
त्वदीयोदरायाथ विश्वस्य धाम्ने
नमो राधिकायै त्वदीय-प्रियायै
नमोऽनन्त-लीलाय देवाय तुभ्यम् ॥ ८॥

damodar ashtakam lyrics

Translation of Damodarashtakam Lyrics

  1. I offer my reverence to the supreme lord, who is a manifestation of ultimate bliss, whose earrings touching his cheeks, whose abode is Gokula. and who stole the butter that gopis kept in hidden places. Mother Yashoda is furious with him because he broke the butter pot. Scared of mother Yashoda, he jumped swiftly and ran, but got caught by her finally.
  2. Upon seeing his mother with a whipping stick, he starts crying and rubbing his eyes again and again with his lotus hands out of fear. His eyes were full of fear, and he is breathing quickly due to which pearl necklace is shaking in his tri-lined neck. I bow down to Supreme Lord, whose belly is tied by rope of love by Mother Yashoda.
  3. All the inhabitant of Gokula is completly drenched in ectasy for beholding Lord Krishna’s childhood pastimes. To the devotees who are attracted only to His majestic aspect of Narayana in Vaikuntha, the Lord herein reveals: “I am conquered and overwhelmed by pure loving devotion.” To the Supreme Lord, Damodara, my obeisances hundreds and hundreds of times.
  4. O’ Lord, Though you can give all kinds of boons, I don’t expect you to bestow me with liberation from worldly life, nor I need a place in your heavenly abode Vaikuntha, nor any benediction, O lord I only pray for the vision of your childhood form forever stay in my heart. There is no desire other than that.
  5. O Lord! your dark-complexioned lotus face, which is encircled by locks of curly hair, has become red like bimb fruit due to mother Yashoda’s kisses. I don’t need any worldly pleasure, but only this vision remain in my mind forever.
  6. O Ocean of love! Damodar! O Infinite Vishnu! and Be pleased upon me! I’m deep in the middle of the sea of sorrow. Please shower your blessing on me and cast your merciful nectarine vision on petty me.
  7. O, Lord Damodara! When you were tied up with grinding stone by Mother Yashoda, you gave salvation to sons of Kubera (Manigreeva and Nalakuvara) from the banishment of Narad muni. They become freed from the curse of being a tree and came to your shelter for your loving devotion. As you blessed the Kubera’s sons, please shower your grace upon me. I have no desire for any liberation.
  8. O Lord, I offer my humble reverence to the great rope which tied your abdomen from where Lord Brahma, who created the entire universe, was born. I bow many, many times to the lotus feet of your beloved Radharani. And offer obeisance to your infinite forms of bliss.
damodara ashtakam

Singing Damodarashtakam lyrics during Damodar month uplifts the spiritual energy and Lord Krishna blesses whoever reads or listen this.

You may also like to read – Jagannathasktakam, Chaurashtakam

Please share Damodarashtakam lyrics with every Krishna Devotee so that everyone can taste the nectar of the glorious Pastime of Lord Krishna.

Papankusha Ekadashi Vrat 2020 – Vrat Katha and Significance of Ekadashi

papankusha ekadashi vrat

Papankusha Ekadashi vrat falls every year in the Shukla paksha of Ashwin month, a day after Vijayadashami. This year it will be observed on 27th October 2020.

This Ekadashi is called Papankusha Ekadashi because the elephant of sin is pierced by the virtuous curb of this fast. Whoever observes this vrat with full devotion, Lord Vishnu showers blessings and destroys all his sins of three lifetimes.

Importance of Papankusha Ekadashi Vrat

Once upon a time, Yudhishthira asked Shri Krishna- “hey Jagadishwar! What is the name of Ekadashi of Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month and what fruits are obtained by observing this fast? Please tell me everything about this vrat.”

papankusha ekadashi

Lord Shri Krishna said- “Hey Rajan Kuntinandan! We call it Papankusha Ekadashi which falls on Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month. By observing this fast, all sins are destroyed and the fasting person receives all kinds of material affluence and after death goes to heaven. On this day, man should worship Lord Padmanabha with full dedication. This Ekadashi fulfills all desires of devotees and frees him of all bad deeds.

The fruit that a man gets from harsh penance, gets that fruits just by saluting the Lord Vishnu on this day. People who ignorantly commit ghastly sins but bow down to Lord Hari, do not go to hell. A mere recitation of the name of Vishnu reaps the virtue of all the pilgrimages in the world. Those who go to the shelter of Lord Vishnu, never have to suffer Yama torture.

The result obtained from thousands of Rajsuya and Ashwamedha Yajna is not even equal to the sixteenth part of Ekadashi fast. There is no virtue equal to Ekadashi in the world. There is no fast equal to this Ekadashi. As long as humans do not observe the Ekadashi of Padmanabha, sins do not leave their bodies.

Hey Kuntinandana! This Ekadashi bestows health, wealth, all kind of happiness, and salvation. Ganga, Gaya, Kashi, Kurukshetra, and Pushkar are also not virtuous like Ekadashi fast. By fasting and awakening Harivasar and Ekadashi, one can easily attain the place in feet of Vishnu.

Hey Yudhishthira! Ten generations who perform this fast save the mother side, ten generations father’s side, ten generations women side, and ten generations friend’s side

Hey Rajendra! By observing this fast in childhood, youth, and old age, even a sinful human being does not attain misery but attains realization.

papankusha ekadashi

The people who observe this Papankusha Ekadashi fast on the Shukla Paksha of Ashwin month, get to Vaikuntha after death and get rid of all sins. By donating gold, sesame, land, cow, grain, water, umbrella, and shoes on this Ekadashi, one does not see Yamraj.

A man who spends days of life without performing any kind of virtuous deed is like a lifeless soul, like a blacksmith’s furnace. Everyone should donate as per their capacity. Such human beings live long, noble, and disease-free life and after death does not face the tortures of Yama Doot.

Lord Shri Krishna said- O Rajan! I told you everything you asked me. What else do you want to hear now?

To read about the importance of Ekadashi fast – click here

Papankusha Ekadashi Vrat Katha

In ancient times, There was a cruel hunter named Krodhan. He would live in the Mountains. He spent his whole life doing bad karma like cruelty on animals, robbery, lies, deceit, etc.

When his time came for death, Yamraj send his Yamdoots (messengers of death) to the cruel fowler. When the Yamdoots told him that tomorrow you are going to die, he started to panic.

The cruel fowler became frightened and went to Maharishi Angira’s ashram and started asking for mercy and shelter. Maharishi felt pity for the Krodhan, So he asked him to keep fast of Papankusha Ekadashi.

Krodhan observed Ekadashi fast with full devotion. This destroyed all the sins of the fowler, and he attained salvation by the grace of God.

Papankusha Ekadashi Vrat Vidhi

papankusha ekadashi vrat katha

A person observing the fast of Papankusha Ekadashi should take a bath in the Brahma muhurta.

After that take a pledge by remembering the name of Lord Vishnu. Then, place a Kalash and put a statue or murti of Lord Vishnu on it.

After that apply Roli-Akshat and offer white flowers to the Lord. Then, light a lamp of desi ghee in front of God and offer aarti to them.

After this one should recite Vishnu Sahasranama and listen to the vrat Katha. Then donate something to the needy.

During this fast, one should only have fruit and vegetable as a meal (falahar meals ) once a day.

On Dwadashi Tithi, the next day of fast, give food and donation to the poor. After that, the fast should be broken.

Breaking fast with Tulsi leaves has a positive effect on the body since it purifies our body of toxins.

Try to remain silent on the day of fasting which helps you to get rid of unwanted thoughts. As a result, you feel peaceful and content.


Papankusha Ekadashi vrat frees the devotees from the sin which he committed ignorantly. Though the chanting name of Lord Vishnu is soothing and liberating in any way, but the remembrance of the Lord on the day of Ekadashi destroys all the tribulations and sins.

Please comment and share this article if you liked the information.

Shri Sankat Nashanam Ganesh Stotram

shri sankat nashnam ganesh stotram

Shri Sankat Nashan Ganesh Stotram is a verse form Narad Puran. In this strota , Narad Rishi is praising and describing the attributes of Lord Ganesha. Lord Ganesha is known to remove obstacles from the life of devotees. He not only fulfills material wishes but also gives the ultimate realization whoever seeks it.

Shri Sankat Nashan Ganesh Stotram in Sanskrit

shri sankat nashan ganesh strotam

श्री संकट नाशन गणेश स्तोत्र

नारद उवाच 

प्रणम्य शिरसा देवं गौरीपुत्रं विनायकम् ।
भक्तावासं स्मरेन्नित्यमायुः कामार्थसिद्धये ।।1।।

प्रथमं वक्रतुडं च एकदन्तं द्वितीयकम् ।
तृतीयं कृष्णपिंगाक्षं गजवक्त्रं चतुर्थकम् ।।2।।

लम्बोदरं पंचमं च षष्ठ विकटमेव च ।
सप्तमं विघ्नराजेन्द्रं धूम्रवर्णं तथाष्टमम् ।।3।।

नवमं भालचन्द्रं च दशमं तु विनायकम् ।
एकादशं गणपतिं द्वादशं तु गजाननम् ।।4।।

द्वादशैतानि नामानि त्रिसन्ध्यं यः पठेन्नरः ।
न च विध्नभयं तस्य सर्वसिद्धिकरं परम् ।।5।।

विद्यार्थी लभते विद्यां धनार्थी लभते धनम् ।
पुत्रार्थी लभते पुत्रान्मोक्षार्थी लभते गतिम् ।।6।।

जपेग्दणपतिस्तोत्रं  षड् भिर्मासैः फ़लं लभेत् ।
संवत्सरेण सिद्धिं च लभते नात्र संशयः ।।7।।

अष्टभ्यो ब्राह्मणेभ्यश्च लिखित्वा यः समर्पयेत् ।
तस्य विद्या भवेत् सर्वा गणेशस्य प्रसादतः ।।8।।

|| इति श्री नारदपुराणे संकटनाशनम गणेश स्तोत्रम सम्पूर्णम ||

Shri Sankat Nashan Ganesh Strot in English

ganesh sankat nashan stotram

Narada Uvacha:

Pranamya shirasa devam Gauri putram Vinayakam.
Bhakthavasam smaretrityamayuh kama artha sidhaye ||1||

Prathamam Vakratundam cha, Ekadantam dwitiyakam.
Tritiyam Krushna Pingaksham,Gajavaktram Chaturthakam ||2||

Lambodaram Panchamam cha ,Sashtam Vikatamev cha.
Saptamam Vignarajam cha,Dhoomravarnam tathashtamam ||3||

Navamam Bhalchandram cha, Dashamam tu Vinayakam.
Ekadasham Ganapatim, Dwadasham tu Gajananam ||4||

Dwadasaithani namani,Trisandhyam yah pathenara.
Na cha vighna bhayam tasya,Sarvsiddhi karam param ||5||

Vidhyarthi labhate Vidhyam,Danarthi labhate Dhanam.
Putrarthi labhate Putran,Moksharthi labhate Gateem ||6||

Japet Ganapati stotram,Shadbhirmasai phalam labheth.
Samvatsarena sidhim cha,Labhate natra sanshaya ||7||

Ashtabhyo Brahmoyashr Likihitwa yh samarpayet.
Tasya Vidhya bhavetsarva Ganeshasya Prasadatah ||8||

|| Iti Shri Narad Purane Sankat nashanam Ganesh Stotram Sampurnam ||

English Translation of Shri Sankat nashanam Ganesh Stotram

First of all, bow your head to Lord Ganesha who is the son of Goddess Parvati, and pray every day with devotion to get long life, wealth, and success.

Meditate upon him first as a god with the twisted trunk, Second as the Lord with one tusk, Third as the one with reddish black eyes, Fourth as the one who has the face of an elephant.

Fifth as the one who is the pot-bellied, Sixth as the one who is fierce to his enemies, Seventh as the one who is the remover of obstacles, Eighth as the one who has complexion as smoke.

Ninth as the one who crescent moon in his forehead, Tenth as the one who is the leader of the remover of obstacles, Eleventh as the leader of the army of Lord Shiva, And twelfth as the one who has the face of an elephant

Anyone reading these twelve names, in all three sandhya that is in Dawn, Noon, and Dusk will never have fear of failure, And would always achieve whatever he wants.

One who pursues knowledge will get knowledge, One who wants to earn money will get money, One who wishes for a child will get offspring, And one who wants salvation will get salvation

Results of chanting this prayer, Of Ganapati will be visible within six months,
And within a year, he would get all wishes fulfilled, And there is no doubt about this.

One who gives this prayer, In writing to eight learned people, And offers it to Lord Ganesha,
will become knowledgeable And would be leading in all aspects of life, by the grace of Lord Ganesha.

Thus ends the prayer from Narada Purana to Ganesha which would destroy all misery.

You may also like to read – Facts about Lord Ganesh

To Read Ganesh Aarti click here – Ganesh Aarti

Om Jai Jagdish Hare Aarti Lyrics in Hindi and English

om jai jagdish hare aarti lyrics

Om Jai Jagdish Hare is the most popular aarti among all Hindus. Every devotee read this aarti to conclude worship. This aarti was composed by saint Shivanand in praise of Lord Vishnu. Shri Visnu is a lord of the universe that’s why he is also known as Jagdish. Singing Om Jai Jagdish hare aarti with full devotion and love can uproot your sorrows. Moreover, it fills you with ecstasy and uplifts your spiritual energies.

Om Jai Jagdish Hare Aarti Lyrics In Hindi

jai jagdish hare aarti

ॐ जय जगदीश हरे,
स्वामी जय जगदीश हरे |
भक्त जनों के संकट,
दास जनों के संकट,
क्षण में दूर करे |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

जो ध्यावे फल पावे,
दुःखबिन से मन का,
स्वामी दुःखबिन से मन का |
सुख सम्पति घर आवे X2
कष्ट मिटे तन का |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

मात पिता तुम मेरे,
शरण गहूं किसकी,
स्वामी शरण गहूं मैं किसकी |
तुम बिन और न दूजा X2
आस करूं मैं जिसकी |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

तुम पूरण परमात्मा,
तुम अन्तर्यामी,
स्वामी तुम अन्तर्यामी |
पारब्रह्म परमेश्वर X2
तुम सब के स्वामी |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

तुम करुणा के सागर,
तुम पालनकर्ता,
स्वामी तुम पालनकर्ता |
मैं मूरख फलकामी
मैं सेवक तुम स्वामी,
कृपा करो भर्ता |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

तुम हो एक अगोचर,
सबके प्राणपति,
स्वामी सबके प्राणपति |
किस विधि मिलूं दयामय X2
तुमको मैं कुमति |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

दीन-बन्धु दुःख-हर्ता,
ठाकुर तुम मेरे,
स्वामी रक्षक तुम मेरे |
अपने हाथ उठाओ,
अपने शरण लगाओ
द्वार पड़ा तेरे |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

विषय-विकार मिटाओ,
पाप हरो देवा,
स्वमी पाप हरो देवा |
श्रद्धा भक्ति बढ़ाओ X2
सन्तन की सेवा |
ॐ जय जगदीश हरे ||

om jai jagdish hare aarti lyrics

Aarti Lyrics in English

Om Jai Jagadish Hare
Swami Jai Jagadish Hare
Bhakt Jano Ke Sankat
Daas Jano Ke Sankat
Kshan Men Door Kare
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Jo Dhyaave Phal Paave
Dukh Bin Se Man Kaa
Swami Dukh Bin Se Man Kaa
Sukh Sampati Ghar Ave- X2
Kasht Mite Tan Kaa
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Maat Pita Tum Mere
Sharan Kahoon Kiski
Swami Sharan Kahoon Kiski
Tum Bin Aur Na Dooja – X2
Aas Karoon Jiski
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Tum Pooran Paramatma
Tum Antaryami
Swami Tum Antaryami
Paar Brahm Parameshwar – X2
Tum Sabke Swami
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Tum Karuna Ke Saagar
Tum Paalan Karta
Swami Tum Paalan Karta
Main Moorakh Khalakhami
Main Sevak Tum Swami
Kripa Karo Bharta
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Tum Ho Ek Agochar
Sab Ke Praan Pati
Swami Sab Ke Praan Pati
Kis Vidhi Miloon Dayamaya – X2
Tum Ko Main Kumati
Om Jai Jagdish Hare

Deen Bandhu Dukh Harta
Thaakur Tum Mere
Swaami Rakhshak Tum Mere
Apne Haath Uthao
Apni Sharan me Lao
Dwaar Padha Tere
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Vishay Vikaar Mitaao
Paap Haro Deva
Swami Paap Haro Deva
Shradha Bhakti Badhao -X2
Santan Ki Seva
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Om Jai Jagadish Hare
Swami Jai Jagadish Hare
Bhakt Jano Ke Sankat
Daas Jano Ke Sankat
Kshan Men Door Kare
Om Jai Jagadish Hare

Om Jai Jagdish Hare – English translation

Oh Lord of This Universe
Mighty Lord of the Entire Universe
The problems of devotees
The problems of servants (of God)
Within a minute, thou removest
Oh Lord of this Universe

He who is immersed in dedication
His mental agony ceases
Lord, his mental agony ceases
Joy, wealth enter the house
Joy, prosperity enter into the house
A body without any troubles
Oh Lord of this Universe

Thou art my mother and father
Whom should I take shelter
Lord, whom should I take shelter
Without thee, There’s no one
Without thee, There Isn’t Anyone
For whom I’d wish
Oh Lord of this Universe

Thou art the soul that is absolute
Thou art the omnipotent master
Lord, thou art the omnipotent master
Perfect, Total, Supreme God
Perfect, Total, Supreme God
Thou art the Lord of all and everybody
Oh Lord of this Universe

Thou art a sea of mercy
Thou art the guardian
Lord, thou art the guardian
I’m a simpleton with vain wants
I’m a servant and thou art the Lord
Oh Lord, give me thy divine grace
Oh! Lord of this Universe

You are the one imperceptible
Of all living beings
The Lord of all living beings
Grant me a glance
Grant me a glance
Guide me along the road to thee
Oh Lord of this Universe

Friend of the helpless and weak
You’re my lord
Lord, you’re my savior
Lift your hand up
Give me thy refuge
At thy feet
Oh Lord of this Universe

Remove the desires form materials
Remove sins, Supreme Soul
Lord, conquer evil
Grow my faith and dedication to you
Oh Lord, develop my faith and dedication
so That I could serve the saints
Oh Lord of this Universe

Body, thoughts, and wealth
Everything is yours
Oh Lord, everything is yours
I give you what’s yours
I give you what’s yours
Nothing is mine
Oh Lord of this Universe

Oh Lord of this Universe
Mighty Lord of the Entire Universe
The problems of devotees
The problems of servants
Within a minute, thou removest
Oh Lord of this Universe

You may also like to read – Aarti kunj Bihari ki, Ganeshji ki Aarti

Aarti Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Girdhar Krishna Murari ki

aarti kunj bihari ki

Aarti Kunj Bihari ki Lyrics in Hindi

aarti kunj bihari

आरती कुंजबिहारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्ण मुरारी की ॥
आरती कुंजबिहारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्ण मुरारी की ॥

गले में बैजंती माला,
बजावै मुरली मधुर बाला ।
श्रवण में कुण्डल झलकाला,
नंद के आनंद नंदलाला ।
गगन सम अंग कांति काली,
राधिका चमक रही आली ।
लतन में ठाढ़े बनमाली
भ्रमर सी अलक,
कस्तूरी तिलक,
चंद्र सी झलक,
ललित छवि श्यामा प्यारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्ण मुरारी की ॥
॥ आरती कुंजबिहारी की…॥

कनकमय मोर मुकुट बिलसै,
देवता दरसन को तरसैं ।
गगन सों सुमन रासि बरसै ।
बजे मुरचंग,
मधुर मिरदंग,
ग्वालिन संग,
अतुल रति गोप कुमारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्णमुरारी की ॥
॥ आरती कुंजबिहारी की…॥

जहां ते प्रकट भई गंगा,
सकल मन हारिणि श्री गंगा ।
स्मरन ते होत मोह भंगा
बसी शिव सीस,
जटा के बीच,
हरै अघ कीच,
चरन छवि श्रीबनवारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्णमुरारी की ॥
॥ आरती कुंजबिहारी की…॥

चमकती उज्ज्वल तट रेनू,
बज रही वृंदावन बेनू ।
चहुं दिसि गोपि ग्वाल धेनू
हंसत मृदु मंद,
चांदनी चंद,
कटत भव फंद,
टेर सुन दीन दुखारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्णमुरारी की ॥
॥ आरती कुंजबिहारी की…॥

आरती कुंजबिहारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्ण मुरारी की ॥
आरती कुंजबिहारी की,
श्री गिरिधर कृष्ण मुरारी की ॥

Aarti kunj bihari ki lyrics in English

aarti kunj bihari ki

Aarati Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki.

Gale me vaijyanti mala. Bajaave murali madhur baala
Shravan me kundal jhalkaala, Nand ke anand Nand lala,

Gagan sam ang kanti kaali, Radhika chamak rahi aali
Latan me thaade banmaali

Bhramar si alak, Kasturi tilak, Chandra si jhalak,
Lalit chavi shyama pyari ki, Shree Giridhar Krishna Murari ki
Aarati Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki ||

Aarti Kunj Bihari Ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki

Kanakmay mor mukut bilse, devata darsan ko tarse
Gagan so suman raasi bares

Baje murchang, madhur mridang, gwaalin ke sang
Atul rati gop kumari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki

Aarti Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki

Jahaan se pragat bhayi ganga, kalush kali haarini shri ganga,
Smaran se hot moh bhanga

Basi shiv shish, jataa ke beech, harei agh keech;
Charan chhavi Shri Banvari ki. Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki…

Aarti Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki

Chamakati ujjawal tat renu, baj rahi vrindavan benu
Chahu disi gopi gwaal dhenu

Hansat mridu mand, chandani chandra, katat bhav phand
Ter sun deen bhikhaari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki

Aarti Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki

Aarti Kunj Bihari ki, Shri Giridhar Krishna Murari ki ||

You may also like to read – Chaurastakam

9 Mystical and Devotional Facts about Lord Ganesh

ganesh sankat nashan stotram


जय श्री गणेशाये नमः

In Hindu religion Lord Ganesh is most beloved and famous God and worshipped before invoking any God or beginning any ceremonial rites be it marriage, entering a new home or starting a new business venture. Lord Ganesh, Son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, is the destroyer of selfishness and ego and remover of obstacles. He is easily identified by his elephant head, curved trunk, and potbellied attributes. let’s head to read  9 mystical and devotional facts about our most popular deity Lord Ganesha.

Ganesh means Lord of gana (celestial beings). As per Sri, Sri Gana means groups of atoms and different energies which form this universe. He is a controller of all these groups of atoms and energies so he is known as Ganapati or Ganesh (eesh of ganas). So you don’t need to pray to all celestial beings, Praying Lord Ganesh alone removes all obstacles and pave the way for success.

facts about lord Ganesh

Lord Ganesh’s one of the significant attributes is his wisdom and intellect. His big elephant head gives us a message of thinking big and to remain focused.

Ganesh’s one of the attributes is his protruding belly. As per scripture, he is known as Lambodara or Mahodara because he carries the entire cosmos of past present and future in his belly. Other symbolism of his potbelly is his generosity. He is very generous in fulfilling the desires of his devotees. Now you know why is a very famous and beloved God.

Lord Ganesh has very big ears and the curved trunk. His trunk represents Om symbol and big ears mean he is very attentive and all ears for our wishes and prayers.

All budding artists and writers, please pay attention to this point. Ekdant is one of the names of Lord Ganesh. Ekdant signifies oneness(ekatm) with the Brahma. Did you wonder where is his other tusk? He used his broken tusk to write great epic Mahabharata dictated by Ved Vyasa. Lord Ganesh is a patron of art and letters. Now you know whom should you pray for your success.

Mystical facts about Lord Ganesh

Every God has its own distinct animal or bird vehicle to drive. Our chubby Ganesh rides on Mouse. His mouse represents ego and desires which should be under control. For controlling ego one must be grounded. Now seeing a rat would instantly give you a message of being grounded and self-contained.

Mystical and devotional facts about Lord Ganesha

Mostly statues and idols of Lord Ganesh depicts four hands. In his upper right hand, he carries elephant goad (Ankush) and in left upper hand Paash(noose). In some statues, lower hands carry lotus and Pot of grains while others depict Abhay Mudra and rosary. By Ankush, he steers his devotee to be on the righteous path and also using goad where evil ambitions need to be checked. Furthermore, He uses paash to capture all difficulties and adversity of his devotees.

In yogic parlance, Lord Ganesh represents Muladhara Chakra located at the base of the spine where kundalini (Adi Shakti) stays slumber. As a first step, in order to awaken kundalini, you need to stabilize the Muladhara chakra. Or in other words, one must pray son Ganesh to please Adi Shakti Parvathi.

Facts about Lord Ganesha
Muladhara Chakra

Lord Ganesh has two consorts Riddhi (one who grants prosperity) and Siddhi (one who grants intellect). Who bore him two sons known as Subh and laabh. You might have purchased stickers of Subh , Laabh and Riddhi, Siddhi during Diwali festival. Now you know the significance of these stickers and the relation with Lord Ganesh.

I hope you have enjoyed reading this post. I would appreciate your valuable comments and suggestions that would help me to do better. you may also like to read Ganesh Aarti

Shri Chaurastakam Meaning and Importance in Adhik Mass

aarti kunj bihari ki

Sri Chaurastakam

Chaurastakam is a beautiful prayer of love and devotion, composed by Bilva Mangal Thakur, an ardent devotee of Lord Krishna.

Purushtoma Mass or Adhik Mass or Mal Mas is a special month that falls almost every 3 years. This month is very dear to Lord Krishna. Chanting Hare Krishna Mahamantra, Fasting, Charity, and listening to scriptures gives immense spiritual benefits in this month. It is believed that Reading Chapter 15th of Sri Bhagvat Geeta and recitation of Chaurastakam and Jagnnathastkam can wash away all sins from previous births of devotees.

 Sri Chaurashtakam Strot

chaurastakam lyrics

Vraje prasiddham navanita-cauram

gopańgananam ca dukula-cauram


cauragraganyam purusam namami

व्रजेप्रसिद्धं नवनीत चौरम,  गोपंगानानाम च दुकुल चौरम|

अनेक जन्मार्जित पाप चौरम, चौराग्रगण्यं पुरुषम नमामि ||

I offer pranama to that foremost of thieves – who is famous in Vraja as the butter-thief and He who steals the gopis’ clothes, and who, for those who take shelter of Him, steals the sins which have accrued over many lifetimes.

Shri Radhikaya hrdayasya cauram


Padasritanam ca samasta-cauram

cauragraganyam purusam namami

श्री राधिकाया हृदयस्य चौरम, नम्बुदा श्यामलकांति चौरम

पदाश्रीतानाम च समस्त चौरम, चौराग्रगण्यं पुरुषम नमामि ||

I offer pranama to the foremost of thieves – who steals Srimati Radhika’s heart, who steals the dark luster of a fresh raincloud, and who steals all the sins and sufferings of those who take shelter of His feet.

shri chaurastakam

akishcani-krtya padasritam yah

karoti bhiksum pathi geha-hinam

kenapy aho bhisana-caura idrg

drstah-sruto va na jagat-traye ’pi

अकिंचिनी कृत्य पदाश्रीतम य:, करोति भिक्षुम पथि गेह हिनं

केन्यपो हो भीषण चौर इद्र्ग, दृष्ट: श्रुतो व न जगत त्रय Sपि

He turns His surrendered devotees into paupers and wandering, homeless beggars – aha! such a fearsome thief has never been seen or heard of in all the three worlds.

yadiya namapi haraty asesam

giri-prasaran api papa-rasin

ascarya-rupo nanu caura idrg

drstah sruto va na maya kadapi

यदीय नमापी हरत्यशेषं, गिरि प्रसराण Sपि पाप राशी

आश्चर्य रूपों ननु चौर इद्र्ग, दृष्ट: श्रुतो व न मया कदापि

The mere utterance of His name purges one of a mountain of sins – such an astonishingly wonderful thief I have never seen or heard of anywhere!

shri chaurastakam

Dhanam ca manam ca tathendriyani

pranams ca hrtva mama sarvam eva

Palayase kutra dhrto ’dya caura

tvam bhakti-damnasi maya niruddhah

धनं च मानं च तथेन्द्रियाणि, प्राणमश्च हृत्वा मम सर्व मेव|

पलायसे कुत्र ध्रतSद्या चौर, त्वं भक्तिदाम्नाशी मया निरुद्ध: ||

O Thief! Having stolen my wealth, my honor, my senses, my life and my everything, where can You run to? I have caught You with the rope of my devotion.

Chinatsi ghoram yama-pasa-bandham

bhinatsi bhimam bhava-pasa-bandham

chinatsi sarvasya samasta-bandham

naivatmano bhakta-krtam tu bandham

छिनत्सी घोरं यम पाश बन्धं, भिनस्ती भीमं भव पाश बन्धं ||

छिनत्सी सर्वस्य समस्त बन्धं, नैवात्मनो भक्त क्र्तं तू बन्धं ||

You cut the terrible noose of Yamaraja, You sever the dreadful noose of material existence, and You slash everyone’s material bondage, but You are unable to cut the knot fastened by Your own loving devotees.

Man-manase tamasa-rasi-ghore

karagrhe duhkha-maye nibaddhah

Labhasva he caura! hare! ciraya

sva-caurya-dosocitam eva dandam

मन्मानसे तामस राशी घोरे, कारागृहे दुःख मये निबद्ध: |

लभस्व हे चौर! हरे ! चिराय, स्व चौर्य दोसो चित मे व दण्डं ||

O stealer of my everything! O Thief! Today I have imprisoned You in the miserable prison-house of my heart which is very fearful due to the terrible darkness of my ignorance, and You will remain there for a very long time, receiving appropriate punishment for Your crimes of thievery!

Karagrhe vasa sada hrdaye madiye

mad-bhakti-pasa-drdha-bandhana-niscalah san

Tvam krsna he! pralaya-koti-satantare ’pi

sarvasva-caura! hrdayan na hi mocayami

कारागृहे वस् सदा हृदये मदीये, मद भक्ति पाश दृढ बंधन निश्च्ल:सन

त्वां कृष्ण हे प्रलय कोटिशतान्त रे Sपि, सर्वस्य चौर! हृदय न ही मोचयामी ||

O Krsna, thief of my everything! The noose of my devotion remaining forever tight, therefore You will continue to reside in the prison-house of my heart because  I will not release You for millions of eon

You may also like to read Sri Nand Nadanashtakam

Please share your experience in comment sections and share this article about Chaurastakam to Krishna devotees.

Sri Narasimha Kavacham Lyrics in Sanskrit and English

sri narasimha kavacham

Bhakt Prahlada, The great devotee of Lord Vishnu recited Sri Narasimha Kavacham. Brahamnad Puran have a mention of Narsimha kavacham mantra.

Narsimha Kavacham is a powerful set of mantra which bestows protection, spiritual wisdom and material desires. Chanting of this mantra provides protection against evil spirits, black magic and vicious desires. Besides shielding against malicious beings, It also confers devotion and stillness of mind which pave the way for knowing atman. This Mantra not only works for sadhaka but also brings auspiciousness to those who recite it daily.

narasimha kavacham mantra

Sri Narasimha Kavacham Mantra in English

2|| Ath Sri NarasimaKavachaStotram ||

Narasimha-kavacham vakshye prahladenoditam pura
sarva-raksha-karam punyam sarvopadrava-nashanam

sarva-sampat-karam chaiva svarga-moksha-pradayakam
dhyatva narasimham devesham hema-simhasana-sthitam |

vivrtasyam tri-nayanam sharad-indu-sama-prabham
lakshmyalingita-vamangam vibhutibhir upashritam |

catur-bhujam komalangam svarna-kundala-shobhitam

saroja-shobitoraskam ratna-keyura-mudritam |

tapta-kancana-sankasham pita-nirmala-vasasam
indradi-sura-maulishthah sphuran manikya-diptibhih |

virajita-pada-dvandvam shankha-chakradi-hetibhih
garutmata cha vinayat stuyamanam mudanvitam |

sva-hrt-kamala-samvasam krtva tu kavacham pathet
nrsimho me shirah patu loka-rakshartha-sambhavah |

sarvago ’pi stambha-vasah phalam me rakshatu dhvanim
nrsimho me drshau patu soma-suryagni-lochanah |

smrtam me patu naraharih muni-varya-stuti-priyah
nasam me simha-nashas tu mukham lakshmi-mukha-priyah |

sarva-vidyadhipah patu nrsimho rasanam mama
vaktram patv indu-vadanam sada prahlada-vanditah |

narasimhah patu me kantham skandhau bhu-bhrd ananta-krt
divyastra-shobhita-bhujah narasimhah patu me bhujau |

karau me deva-varado narasimhah patu sarvatah
hrdayam yogi-sadhyash cha nivasam patu me harih |

madhyam patu hiranyaksha-vakshah-kukshi-vidaranah
nabhim me patu naraharih sva-nabhi-brahma-samstutah |

brahmanda-kotayah katyam yasyasau patu me katim
guhyam me patu guhyanam mantranam guhya-rupa-drk |

uru manobhavah patu januni nara-rupa-drk
janghe patu dhara-bhara- harta yo ’sau nr-keshari |

sura-rajya-pradah patu padau me nrharishvarah
sahasra-shirsha-purushah patu me sarvashas tanum |

manograh purvatah patu maha-viragrajo ’gnitah
maha-vishnur dakshine tu maha-jvalas tu nairrtah |

pashchime patu sarvesho dishi me sarvatomukhah
narasimhah patu vayavyam saumyam bhushana-vigrahah |

ishanyam patu bhadro me sarva-mangala-dayakah
samsara-bhayatah patu mrtyor mrtyur nr-keshari |

idam narasimha-kavacham prahlada-mukha-manditam
bhaktiman yah pathenaityam sarva-papaih pramucyate |

putravan dhanavan loke dirghayur upajayate
yam yam kamayate kamam tam tam prapnoty asamshayam |

sarvatra jayam apnoti sarvatra vijayi bhavet
bhumy antariksha-divyanam grahanam vinivaranam |

vrshchikoraga-sambhuta-vishapaharanam param
brahma-rakshasa-yakshanam durotsarana-karanam |

bhuje va tala-patre va kavacam likhitam shubham
kara-mule dhrtam yena sidhyeyuh karma-siddhayah |

devasura-manushyeshu svam svam eva jayam labhet
eka-sandhyam tri-sandhyam va yah pathen niyato narah |

sarva-mangala-mangalyam bhuktim muktim cha vindati
dva-trimshati-sahasrani pathet shuddhatmanam nrnam |

kavachasyasya mantrasya mantra-siddhih prajayate
anena mantra-rajena krtva bhasmabhir mantranam |

tilakam bibhriyad yas tu tasya graha-bhayam haret
tri-varam japamanas tu dattam varyabhimantrya ca |

prasayed yo naro mantram narasimha-dhyanam acharet
tasya rogah pranashyanti ye cha syuh kukshi-sambhavah |

kimatra bahunoktena narasimha sadrsho bhavet
manasa chintitam yattu sa tacchapnotya samshayam |

garjantam garjayantam nija-bhuja-patalam sphotayantam hatantam
dipyantam tapayantam divi bhuvi ditijam kshepayantam kshipantam
krandantam roshayantam dishi dishi satatam samharantam bharantam
vikshantam purnayantam kara-nikara-shatair divya-simham namami |

Iti shri-brahmanda-purane prahladoktam shri-narasimha-kavacam sampurnam ||

Sri Narasimha Kavacham Stotram in Sanskrit

1॥ अथ श्री नृसिंहकवचस्तोत्रम् ॥

नृसिंह कवचम वक्ष्येऽ प्रह्लादनोदितं पुरा

सर्वरक्षाकरं पुण्यं सर्वोपद्रवनाशनं

सर्वसंपत्करं चैव स्वर्गमोक्षप्रदायकम  

ध्यात्वा नृसिंहं देवेशं हेमसिंहासनस्थितं॥

विवृतास्यं त्रिनयनं शरदिंदुसमप्रभं  

लक्ष्म्यालिंगितवामांगम विभूतिभिरुपाश्रितं

चतुर्भुजं कोमलांगम स्वर्णकुण्डलशोभितं  

ऊरोजशोभितोरस्कं रत्नकेयूरमुद्रितं

तप्तकांचनसंकाशं पीतनिर्मलवासनं


विराजितपदद्वंद्वं शंखचक्रादिहेतिभि: 

गरुत्मता विनयात स्तूयमानं मुदान्वितं

स्वहृतकमलसंवासम कृत्वा तु कवचम पठेत

नृसिंहो मे शिर: पातु लोकरक्षात्मसंभव:

सर्वगोऽपि स्तंभवास: फालं मे रक्षतु ध्वनन  

नरसिंहो मे दृशौ पातु सोमसूर्याग्निलोचन:

शृती मे पातु नरहरिर्मुनिवर्यस्तुतिप्रिय:  

नासां मे सिंहनासास्तु मुखं लक्ष्मिमुखप्रिय:

सर्वविद्याधिप: पातु नृसिंहो रसनां मम  

वक्त्रं पात्विंदुवदन: सदा प्रह्लादवंदित:

नृसिंह: पातु मे कण्ठं स्कंधौ भूभरणांतकृत  

दिव्यास्त्रशोभितभुजो नृसिंह: पातु मे भुजौ

करौ मे देववरदो नृसिंह: पातु सर्वत:  

हृदयं योगिसाध्यश्च निवासं पातु मे हरि:

मध्यं पातु हिरण्याक्षवक्ष:कुक्षिविदारण:  

नाभिं मे पातु नृहरि: स्वनाभिब्रह्मसंस्तुत:

ब्रह्माण्डकोटय: कट्यां यस्यासौ पातु मे कटिं  

गुह्यं मे पातु गुह्यानां मंत्राणां गुह्यरुपधृत

ऊरु मनोभव: पातु जानुनी नररूपधृत  

जंघे पातु धराभारहर्ता योऽसौ नृकेसरी

सुरराज्यप्रद: पातु पादौ मे नृहरीश्वर:  

सहस्रशीर्षा पुरुष: पातु मे सर्वशस्तनुं

महोग्र: पूर्वत: पातु महावीराग्रजोऽग्नित: 

महाविष्णुर्दक्षिणे तु महाज्वालस्तु निर्रुतौ

पश्चिमे पातु सर्वेशो दिशि मे सर्वतोमुख:  

नृसिंह: पातु वायव्यां सौम्यां भूषणविग्रह:

ईशान्यां पातु भद्रो मे सर्वमंगलदायक:  

संसारभयद: पातु मृत्यूर्मृत्युर्नृकेसरी

इदं नृसिंहकवचं प्रह्लादमुखमंडितं  

भक्तिमान्य: पठेन्नित्यं सर्वपापै: प्रमुच्यते

पुत्रवान धनवान लोके दीर्घायुर्उपजायते  

यंयं कामयते कामं तंतं प्रप्नोत्यसंशयं॥

सर्वत्र जयवाप्नोति सर्वत्र विजयी भवेत

 भुम्यंतरिक्षदिवानां ग्रहाणां विनिवारणं

वृश्चिकोरगसंभूतविषापहरणं परं  

ब्रह्मराक्षसयक्षाणां दूरोत्सारणकारणं

भूर्जे वा तालपत्रे वा कवचं लिखितं शुभं  

करमूले धृतं येन सिद्ध्येयु: कर्मसिद्धय:

देवासुरमनुष्येशु स्वं स्वमेव जयं लभेत  

एकसंध्यं त्रिसंध्यं वा : पठेन्नियतो नर:

सर्वमंगलमांगल्यंभुक्तिं मुक्तिं विंदति

द्वात्रिंशतिसहस्राणि पाठाच्छुद्धात्मभिर्नृभि:  

कवचस्यास्य मंत्रस्य मंत्रसिद्धि: प्रजायते। 

आनेन मंत्रराजेन कृत्वा भस्माभिमंत्रणम

तिलकं बिभृयाद्यस्तु तस्य गृहभयं हरेत।

त्रिवारं जपमानस्तु दत्तं वार्यभिमंत्र्य

प्राशयेद्यं नरं मंत्रं नृसिंहध्यानमाचरेत

तस्य रोगा: प्रणश्यंति ये स्यु: कुक्षिसंभवा:

किमत्र बहुनोक्तेन नृसिंहसदृशो भवेत  

मनसा चिंतितं यस्तु तच्चाऽप्नोत्यसंशयं

गर्जंतं गर्जयंतं निजभुजपटलं स्फोटयंतं हरंतं दीप्यंतं तापयंतं दिवि भुवि दितिजं क्षेपयंतं रसंतं

कृंदंतं रोषयंतं दिशिदिशि सततं संभरंतं हरंतं  विक्षंतं घूर्णयंतं करनिकरशतैर्दिव्यसिंहं नमामि

॥इति प्रह्लादप्रोक्तं नरसिंहकवचं संपूर्णंम ॥

You may also like to read Sri Ram Raksha Stotram

Bhavani Ashtakam भवान्यष्टकं by Adi Shankaracharya

bhavani ashtakam

Bhavani Ashtakam

durga bhavani ashtakam

Jagat Guru Adi Shankaracharya has penned down Bhavani Ashtakam भवान्यष्टकं. The beautiful composition dedicated to the feet of Maa Bhagvati. This strota Bhavani Ashtakam is not only divine but fills one with devotion and love.

bhavani ashtakam

The story behind Bhavani Ashtakam

The story behind writing Bhvanyashtkam goes like this. As we all know Adi Shankara was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva. Though, he wrote many verses in praise of Lord Shiva but not written anything about Bhagvati.

Once so happened that he fell sick and felt extremely thirsty. But he was so weak to get himself the glass of water. At that moment although Mata came but did not help him. Therefore, he asked why she is not curing him. Then Mata Bhavani replied where is your Lord Shiva in whose praise you wrote so many poems. Ask Lord Shiva for help. Finally, Adi Shankara realized his mistake that nectar of devotion should reach to Shakti worshippers also. Therefore, he wrote this enchanting Bhavani Ashtakam.

The Bhavani Ashtakam has eight verses in praise of Maa Bhavani who is ferocious yet filled with mercy. Moreover, Maa Bhavani grants power, health and wealth whoever read this strota with love and complete devotion.

|| Bhavani Ashtakam ||

bhavani ashtakam

Na taato na maata na bandhur-na daata
Na putro na putrii na bhrityo na bharta |
Na jaayaa na vidyaa na vrittiir-mamaiv
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvame-kaa Bhavaanii ||1||

Bhavaabdhaav-paare mahaa-duhkh-bhiiru
Papaat prakaamii pralobhii pramattah |
Ku-sansaar-paash-prabaddhah sadaaham
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||2||

Na jaanaamii daanam na cha dhyaan-yogam
Na jaanaamii tantram na cha stotra-mantram |
Na jaanaamii puujaam na cha nyaas-yogam
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||3||

Na jaanaamii punnyam na jaanaamii tiirth
Na jaanaamii muktiim layam vaa kadaachit |
Na jaanaamii bhakitim vratam vaapii maatarg-atiis-tvam
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||4||

Ku-karmii ku-sanggii ku-buddhiih kudaasah
Kulaachaar-hiinah kadaachaar-liinah |
Ku-drissttiih ku-vaakya-prabandhah sadaham
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||5||

Prajesham Ramesham Mahesham Suresham
Dinesham nishiitheshvaram vaa kadaachiit |
Na jaanaamii chaanyat sadaham sharannye
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||6||

Vivaade vishaade pramaade pravaase
Jale chaanale parvate shatru-madhye |
Arannye sharannye sadaa maam prapaahii
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||7||

Anaatho daridro jaraa-rog-yukto
Mahaa-kssiinn-diinah sadaa jaaddya-vaktrah |
Vipattau pravishttah pranashttah sadaaham
Gatis-tvam gatis-tvam tvamekaa Bhavaanii ||8||

|| भवानीष्टकम् ||

 bhavani ashtakam lyrics

 तातो  माता  बन्धुर्न दाता 
 पुत्रो  पुत्री  भृत्यो  भर्ता 
 जाया  विद्या  वृत्तिर्ममैव 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥१॥

भवाब्धावपारे महादुःखभीरु 
पपात प्रकामी प्रलोभी प्रमत्तः 
कुसंसारपाशप्रबद्धः सदाहं 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥२॥

 जानामि दानं   ध्यानयोगं 
 जानामि तन्त्रं   स्तोत्रमन्त्रम् 
 जानामि पूजां   न्यासयोगं 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥३॥

 जानामि पुण्यं  जानामि तीर्थ 
 जानामि मुक्तिं लयं वा कदाचित् 
 जानामि भक्तिं व्रतं वापि मातर्गतिस्त्वं 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥४॥

कुकर्मी कुसङ्गी कुबुद्धिः कुदासः 
कुलाचारहीनः कदाचारलीनः 
कुदृष्टिः कुवाक्यप्रबन्धः सदाहं 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥५॥

प्रजेशं रमेशं महेशं सुरेशं 
दिनेशं निशीथेश्वरं वा कदाचित् 
 जानामि चान्यत् सदाहं शरण्ये 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥६॥

विवादे विषादे प्रमादे प्रवासे 
जले चानले पर्वते शत्रुमध्ये 
अरण्ये शरण्ये सदा मां प्रपाहि 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥७॥

अनाथो दरिद्रो जरारोगयुक्तो 
महाक्षीणदीनः सदा जाड्यवक्त्रः 
विपत्तौ प्रविष्टः प्रनष्टः सदाहं 
गतिस्त्वं गतिस्त्वं त्वमेका भवानि ॥८॥

Click the link to listen beautiful compostion Bhavani Ashtakam – Bhavya Ganapathi – ‘Vande Guru Paramparaam’

Navratri-The Nine divine days of Goddess Durga


Navratri is being celebrated all across the Indian subcontinent and in Hindu communities the world over with full enthusiasm. The nine days of Chaitra, Ashad, Ashwin, and Maagh are important for Shakti believers. Among four Navratri’s, Chaitra and Shardiya Navratri are most popular. Many divine devotees only observe Aswin Navratri that is Shardiy Navratri.

Chaitra Shukla Pratipada also celebrated as Gudi Padwa and Ugadi in different states of India. This day is considered as the New Year as per Vikram Samvat calendar.

This festival is 9 days long celebration. Navratri is dedicated to nine divine forms of Maa Durga. This festival symbolizes victory over evil. Everybody of us has positive and negative tendencies. The battle between the two is an ongoing process that can only be won when we awaken Chetna inside us.

The pure bliss generated when we invoke the latent energies helps overcome the vices we have inside. These dormant energies can be invoked by praying to Maa Durga. She is the supreme energy of this creation.

The nine-day festival commemorates the nine forms of primordial energy, which is believed to be the source of creation.


प्रथमं शैलपुत्री च द्वितीयं ब्रह्मचारिणी।

तृतीयं चन्द्रघंटेति कूष्माण्डेति चतुर्थकम् ।।

पंचमं स्क्न्दमातेति षष्ठं कात्यायनीति च ।

सप्तमं कालरात्रीति महागौरीति चाष्टमम् ।।

नवमं सिद्धिदात्री च नवदुर्गाः प्रकीर्तिताः ।।

Nine manifestations of Maa Durga or Shakti can be pleased by specific mantras and offerings. Here are the Nine avatars of Shakti and the mantra for each day of Navratri for seeking blessings from them.

1st day: Maa Shailputri:

The first manifestation of Maa Durga is Shailputr. Shailputri is the daughter of mountain king Hemavan. She is the consort of Lord Shiva. She rides Nandi bull. In Puranas, she is depicted with two hands holding Trishul in her right hand and lotus in her left hand.

Shailaputri represents the earth element; therefore, Shailaputri is the mother nature who is the cause of all the earthly existence.

She resides in the Muladhara Chakra. Stabilizing Muladhara Chakra is the first step in yogic practice to awaken Kundalini. This is one of the reasons why Shailputri worshipped on the first day of Navratri. 

Offering pure desi ghee to Maa Shailputri eradicates the illness and disease from the life of devotees.

Mantra to please Maa Shailputri:- Om Devi Shailaputryai Namah

Dhyan Mantra:-

Vande Vanchhitalabhaya Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Vrisharudham Shuladharam Shailaputrim Yashasvinim॥

 Punendu Nibham Gauri Muladhara Sthitam Prathama Durga Trinetram।

 Patambara Paridhanam Ratnakirita Namalankara Bhushita॥

 Praphulla Vandana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Tugam Kucham।

 Kamaniyam Lavanyam Snemukhi Kshinamadhyam Nitambanim॥

2nd Day: Devi Brahmcharini 

Maa Brahmacharini worshipped on the 2nd day of Navratri. She is portrayed wearing a white sari and holding chanting beads in her right hand and Kamandal in her left hand. 

She did hard austerity to get Lord Shiva as her Husband therefore known as Brahmacharini. She is considered to be the feminine form of Brahma and seeks to attain Vedic knowledge. 

She controls Swadhisthan chakra in the body.

An offering of kheer ,mishri, or sugar is made to Maa Brahmacharini. She bestows devotees with knowledge, wisdom, and wealth.

Mantra : Om Devi Brahmacharinyai Namah॥

Dhyan Mantra:

Vande Vanchhitalabhaya Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Japamala Kamandalu Dhara Brahmacharini Shubham॥

 Gauravarna Swadhishthanasthita Dwitiya Durga Trinetram।

 Dhawala Paridhana Brahmarupa Pushpalankara Bhushitam॥

 Parama Vandana Pallavaradharam Kanta Kapola Pina।

 Payodharam Kamaniya Lavanayam Smeramukhi Nimnanabhi Nitambanim॥

3rd Day: Mata Chandrghanta

Chandraghanta is a ferocious and married form of Parvati. She wears the half-moon on her forehead. She has eight hands holding a Trident (Trishul), mace(Gada), bow-arrow, sword (Khattak), lotus flower, bell(Ghanta), and water pot (Kamandal), while one of her hands remain in Abhaya mudra(blessings posture).

She is beautiful, charming, and valiant. She is brave and courageous and uses the lion as her vehicle.

This charming and fierce form of Durga is pleased by offering milk, sweets, or kheer. By her blessings, all the sins, troubles, and physical sufferings of the devotees are eliminated.

Maa chandraghanta resides in.Manipur Chakra 

Mantra: Om Devi Chandraghantayai Namah॥

Dhyan Mantra:

Vande Vanchhitalabhaya Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Simharudha Chandraghanta Yashasvinim॥

 Manipura Sthitam Tritiya Durga Trinetram।

 Khanga, Gada, Trishula, Chapashara, Padma Kamandalu Mala Varabhitakaram॥

 Patambara Paridhanam Mriduhasya Nanalankara Bhushitam।

 Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala Manditam॥

 Praphulla Vandana Bibadhara Kanta Kapolam Tugam Kucham।

 Kamaniyam Lavanyam Kshinakati Nitambanim॥

4th Day: Maa Kushmanda 

Mata Kushmanda is the 4th form of Maa Durga. Kushmanda is shown with ten hands holding a trident, discus, sword, hook, mace, bow, arrow, and pot of nectar. Her one hand is depicted in abhayamudra, from which she blesses all her devotees. She rides on a tiger.

Maa Kushmanda produced the cosmic egg(anda) with her divine smile. She is the ultimate energy inside the sun and brings light to illuminate the world.

Her abode is Anahata chakra.

Observing fast and offering the bhog of malpua to maa Kushmanda fulfill all desires of Devotees and increases the intellectual power for right decision making.

Mantra: Om Devi Kushmandayai Namah॥ 

Dhyan Mantra: 

Vande Vanchhita Kamarthe Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Simharudha Ashtabhuja Kushmanda Yashasvinim॥

 Bhaswara Bhanu Nibham Anahata Sthitam Chaturtha Durga Trinetram।

 Kamandalu, Chapa, Bana, Padma, Sudhakalasha, Chakra, Gada, Japawatidharam॥

 Patambara Paridhanam Kamaniyam Mriduhasya Nanalankara Bhushitam।

 Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala, Manditam॥

 Praphulla Vadanamcharu Chibukam Kanta Kapolam Tugam Kucham।

 Komalangi Smeramukhi Shrikanti Nimnabhi Nitambanim॥

5th Day: Devi Skanda Mata

Maa Skanda Mata is the Fifth avatar of Maa Durga; when Parvati became the mother of Skanda or Kartikey, she came to know as Skandmata. She is portrayed with four hands holding lotus and Kartikay in her lap. Another hand blesses his devotees. She rides a lion.

She is a goddess of love and affection. Those who worship her get grace from Mata and her son Kartikeya.

Her abode is in Visuddhi chakra.

bhog of banana is offered to the Goddess. She bestows her devotees with good health, strength, and wealth. Seriously devoted sadhakas of her get salvation.

Mantra: Om Devi Skandamatayai Namah॥

Dhyan Mantra:

Vande Vanchhita Kamarthe Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Simharudha Chaturbhuja Skandamata Yashasvinim॥

 Dhawalavarna Vishuddha Chakrasthitom Panchama Durga Trinetram।

 Abhaya Padma Yugma Karam Dakshina Uru Putradharam Bhajem॥

 Patambara Paridhanam Mriduhasya Nanalankara Bhushitam।

 Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala Dharinim॥

 Praphulla Vandana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Pina Payodharam।

 Kamaniyam Lavanyam Charu Triwali Nitambanim॥

6th Day: Maa Katyayani 

The sixth form of Maa Durga is Katyayani. She is the daughter of rishi Katyayani, hence known as Katyayni. Katyayani is a warrior form of Durga who slew demon king Mahisasur. Her four hands carry different objects, lotus and khadak in rights hands and the other two left hands show varad (boon giving) and Abhay mudra.

Offering honey to the fierce Goddess is very auspicious. She is a giver of knowledge, courage, and peace of mind. 

She is associated with Ajna chakra, which is also known as third eye chakra. Concentrating between eyes can invoke her blessings.

Mantra: Om Devi Katyayanyai Namah॥

Dhyan Mantra: 

Vande Vanchhita Manorathartha Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Simharudha Chaturbhuja Katyayani Yashasvinim॥

 Swarnavarna Ajnachakra Sthitam Shashthama Durga Trinetram।

 Varabhita Karam Shagapadadharam Katyayanasutam Bhajami॥

 Patambara Paridhanam Smeramukhi Nanalankara Bhushitam।

 Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala Manditam॥

 Prasannavadana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Tugam Kucham।

 Kamaniyam Lavanyam Trivalivibhushita Nimna Nabhim॥

7th Day: Mata Kalratri 

Maa Kalratri worshipped on the Seventh day of Navratri. Kalratri is a most ferocious form of Maa Durga. She is also known as the slayer of the most dangerous demon Cand and Mund, thus came to know as Chamunda. Subhankari is her other name which means she provides auspicious results to her devotees.

The complexion of the Goddess is extremely dark like night, and her hair is long and open therefore known as Kalratri. She is depicted with four hands, of which the left two hands hold a khadak and a Vajra(thunderbolt), and the right two are in the varada (blessing) and Abhay (protecting) mudras. Kaalratri has three eyes. Her vehicle is a donkey.

She resides at Shashrar chakra, also known as the crown chakra. Sadhakas and tantric gives utmost importance to the seventh day of Navratri since she bestows her devotees with siddhi and Nidhi(Knowledge, wealth, and power)

Sweets made from jaggery are her favorite offering. She provides protection from ghostly hurdles, evil spirits, and negative energies.

Dhyan Mantra:

Om Devi Kalaratryai Namah॥

Karalavandana Ghoram Muktakeshi Chaturbhujam।

 Kalaratrim Karalimka Divyam Vidyutamala Vibhushitam॥

 Divyam Lauhavajra Khadga Vamoghordhva Karambujam।

 Abhayam Varadam Chaiva Dakshinodhvaghah Parnikam Mam॥

 Mahamegha Prabham Shyamam Taksha Chaiva Gardabharudha।

 Ghoradamsha Karalasyam Pinonnata Payodharam॥

 Sukha Prasanna Vadana Smeranna Saroruham।

 Evam Sachiyantayet Kalaratrim Sarvakam Samriddhidam॥

8th Day: Maha Gauri Mantra 

Maa Maha Gauri worshipped on the eighth day of Navratri. She has an extremely fair complexion; due to this reason, she gets the name Maha Gauri. She is beautiful and charming. She has four hands and three eyes. Two of her hand holds trident and tambura while other two are in varada and Abhay mudra. Her mount is bull.

Offering coconuts to Mahagauri fulfills all desires and gets relieved from the suffering and illness. If a childless couple donates coconut to brahmins on this day blessed with a child by the grace of the Goddess.

Mantra: Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah॥

Dhyan Mantra: 

Vande Vanchhita Kamarthe Chandrardhakritashekharam।

 Simharudha Chaturbhuja Mahagauri Yashasvinim॥

 Purnandu Nibham Gauri Somachakrasthitam Ashtamam Mahagauri Trinetram।

 Varabhitikaram Trishula Damarudharam Mahagauri Bhajem॥

 Patambara Paridhanam Mriduhasya Nanalankara Bhushitam।

 Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala Manditam॥

 Praphulla Vandana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Trailokya Mohanam।

 Kamaniyam Lavanyam Mrinalam Chandana Gandhaliptam॥

Navratri 9th Day: Siddhi Datri

Maa Siddhi Datri is the ninth manifestation of Maa Durga; she is para Shakti worshipped by Lord Shiva. She gave siddhi to Lord Shiva; therefore, she gets her name as Siddhidatri. She, along with Shiva, runs the entire universe in the form of Ardhnarishwera.

She is seated on a lotus and has four hands occupying mace, lotus, Sudarshan chakra, and Sankha.

An offering of sesame seeds( til) is very auspicious. She removes all hurdles from the life of devotees and grants siddhi. Sadhak, who seeks divine knowledge and salvation, worships her.

Mantra: Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah॥

Dhyan Mantra: 

Vande Vanchhita Manorathartha Chandrardhakritashekharam। 

 Kamalasthitam Chaturbhuja Siddhidatri Yashasvinim॥ 

 Swarnavarnna Nirvanachakra Sthitam Navam Durga Trinetram। 

 Shankha, Chakra, Gada, Padmadharam Siddhidatri Bhajem॥ 

 Patambara Paridhanam Mriduhasya Nanalankara Bhushitam। 

 Manjira, Hara, Keyura, Kinkini, Ratnakundala Manditam॥ 

 Praphulla Vandana Pallavadharam Kanta Kapolam Pin Payodharam। 

 Kamaniyam Lavanyam Shrinakati Nimnanabhi Nitambanim॥

navratri nine nights of durga

In a nutshell, Navratri brings opportunity for cleansing body, mind, and soul from the toxicity of food, thoughts, and negativity. Maa Durga slays demons sitting deep inside us. By invoking her divine energies within us we can transcend our physical, and mental boundaries.

Please comment your experience and thoughts about Navratra in the comment box.

Narak Chaturdashi Puja Vidhi and Mantra

narak chaturdashi puja vidhi

Narak Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali is celebrated one day before Diwali. It’s the second day of the five-day-long festival of Deepavali. Here we have got you to read the importance of Narak Chaturdashi, why it has been celebrated, and puja vidhi with mantra.

Importance of Narak Chaturdashi

Narak Chaturdashi falls in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik, in Krishna paksha on the 14th day. It is also a harvest festival and celebrated all across India in a wide variety of ways.

Narak Chaturdashi, also known as Kali Chaudas, Roop Chaturdashi, and Bhoot Chaturdashi, celebrated India with great zeal and joy. This year, it will be celebrated on 3rd November 2021.

Narak Chaturdashi

Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali is the second day of the Deepawali festival. On this day, people light diyas and ignite firecrackers. In northern states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana, People keep diyas at their doorstep to ward off evil and miss happening.

Kali Chaudas

kali chaudas

In Maharashtra, Gujarat, and some parts of Rajasthan, People celebrate this day as the victory of good over evil. Goddess Kali is fierce yet kindhearted and protects their devotees from all wickedness. This day, people worship her to get rid of persistent illness, protect them from evil spirits, and come out of bad debts.

Hanuman Jayanti

hanuman jayanti

After winning Lanka, Ram and Seeta distributed gifts to everyone, including Hanuman. Seeta gave Hanuman her favorite pearl necklace, but Hanuman said that he doesn’t find the name of Lord Ram in the chain, and, Thus he doesn’t want to keep it. Then, Mata Seeta gifted him Sindoor from her forehead and said, this sindoor is precious to me because It pleases Lord Rama.

Hence, Hanuman accepted this gift of sindoor with joy and gratitude. Therefore, on this day, devotees of Lord Hanuman offer him sindoor and oil to get his blessings.

Bhoot Chaturdashi

bhoot chaturdashi

In west Bengal, People celebrate Choti Diwali in the form of Bhoot Chaturdashi. This day people believe that 14 departed forefathers come to see their family members, so people lit 14 diyas all around the home.

In Tamil Nadu, people worship Goddess Lakshmi and observe an all-day-long fast called Nombu.

Some Indian states of southern, celebrate this day as main Diwali.

The Story associated with Narak Chaturdashi

narak chaturdashi puja vidhi

In dwaper yuga, Demon king Narakasur got so powerful that he started to torment everyone on the earth. Drunk by power, he abducted 16000 princesses and made a captive of them. Therefore, after a request to save them from demons, Lord Krishna and his wife Satyabhama came to their rescue and released them after killing Narakasur.

In the end, Narakasur asked for a boon to Satyabhama, who happened to be a mother of Narakasur in the previous avatar, that this day should be celebrated with colorful lights. That’s why people light diyas and lit firecrackers on Narak Chaudas.

Narak Chaturdashi Puja Vidhi

Kartik Krishna Chaturdashi is also celebrated as Roop Chaturdashi. This day people take a bath before sunrise. Before taking a bath, rub sesame or til oil all over the body. This process, Abyangasnan, is a must-have ritual of Narak Chaturdashi. Before doing abhyanga, take Sankalp with this mantra.

“यमलोक दर्शनाभावकामो अहम्भ्यङ्ग्स्नानां करिष्ये “

“Yamlok darshanabhavokamoabyangam karisye”

However, In Kartik month, abhyanga is forbidden, but on Roop or Narak Chaturdashi, it saves one from going to yamlok. This snan brings happiness and good luck and also protects from misfortune.

Mantra for Lord Hanuman

to get the blessings of Lord Hanuman, follow this process

Firstly, take an early morning bath. After taking a bath, take Sankalp chanting this mantra-

“मम शौर्यादर्यधैर्यादि व्रद्धयर्थं हनुमत्प्रीतिकाम्नाय हनुमञ्जयन्ति महोत्सवं करिष्यसे “

“Mam shauryadaryadhyeradi vradhayeartham hanumatpreetikamnaye hanumanjayanti mahaotasav karishasye”

After taking Sankalp, worship Lord Hanuman by shodashopchar. Then, Offer sindoor mixed with oil to the vigraha or murti of Lord Hanuman. For Naivedyam, prepare churma made with ghee, flour, and sugar or offer jaggery and poha.

After offerings of flour modak, fruits like banana and guava, read the Sundar Kand. In the night lit the diyas in a row.

For those who celebrate narak Chaturdashi, lit four-sided Diya, facing east direction, chant this mantra.

दत्तो दीपश्चतुर्दश्यां नरकप्रीतये मया |

चतुर्वर्ति समायुक्तः सर्वपापनुत्तये ||

Datto deepashchatudashyam narapreetay maya|Chaturvartisamayukatah sarbapaapnukatye||

As per the Ling Purana, devotees should make donations after chanting this mantra. In fact, Donation is the easiest way to attain devotion.

narak chaturdashi puja vidhi

Doing fireworks on this day liberates the spirits of those who have died from a meteor. Chant this mantra before igniting crackers –

अग्निदग्धाश्च ये जीवा ये प्यदग्धाः कुले मम | उज्जवल्ज्योतिषा दग्धास्ते यान्तु परमां गतिम् ||

agnidagdhasch ye jeeva apyadagdha kule mam |

Ujjawaljyotisha dagdhaste yaantu paramam gatim ||

Fundamentally, The celebration of Narak Chaturdashi symbolizes the victory of good over evil.

If You liked the information about Narak Chaturdashi Puja vidhi, Please share it with your friends and comment on your experience with this festival.

You may also like to read about Dhanteras and Deepavali.

Happy Diwali to all the readers of Devotionalfolks.

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